The New Subjectivity of Nationalism

  • Kostas Maronitis


Following the conclusions of Chapter 4 on detention, isolation and fear of coexistence, the chapter reflects upon the formation and presence of the far right in Europe. The chapter deals with the violent activities and communicative practices of the Greek neo-Nazi party Golden Dawn. Michel Wieviorka and Alain Touraine’s theorisation of the subject provides a platform to examine the emergence of the nationalist subject as a rejection of liberal parliamentary politics.


Nationalist subject Golden dawn New right Welfare Racism Xenophobia 


  1. Ahmed, Sara. 2004. The Cultural Politics of Emotion. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Alexander, Jeffrey, C. 2003. The Meanings of Social Life: A Cultural Sociology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alexander, Jeffrey, C. 2013a. The Dark Side of Modernity. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  4. Anderson, Benedict. 2006. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  5. Anderson, Elijah. 1990. Streetwise: Race, Class and Change in an Urban Community. Chicago: Chicago University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Baboulias, Yiannis. 2012. “Greece’s Golden Dawn isn’t a political party – it’s more like a criminal gang”. The Guardian [online] 4 September. Accessed 27 march 2015.
  7. Bauman, Zygmunt. 2007. Liquid Times: Living in an Age of Uncertainty. Cambridge: Palgrave.Google Scholar
  8. Carras, Costas. 2004. Greek Identity: A Long View. In Balkan Identities: Nation and Memory, ed. Maria Todorova. London: Hurst and Company.Google Scholar
  9. Dimou, Augusta. 2009. Entangled Paths Towards Modernity. Budapest and New York: Central European University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Durkheim, Emile. 1984. The Division of Labour in Society. Translated from the French by W.D Halls. Basingstoke: McMillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ellinas, Antonis. A. 2010. The Media and the Far Right in Western Europe: Playing the Nationalist Card. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ellinas, Antonis. A. 2013. The Rise of Golden Dawn: The New Face of the Far Right in Greece. South European Society and Politics 18(4): 543–565.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Enet 2013. The Nazi Anthem in the food hand-out only for Greeks. Enet, 25 July. Accessed 27 March 2015.
  14. Euronews. 2013. Sadness and Rage for the Murder of Pavlos Fyssas. Euronews, 19 September. Accessed 27 March 2015.
  15. Friedman, Jonathan. 1994. Cultural Identity and Global Processes. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  16. Furedi, Frank. 2005. Politics of Fear: Beyond Left and Right. London and New York: Continuum.Google Scholar
  17. Georgiadou, Vasiliki. 2013. Right-Wing Populism and Extremism: The Rapid Rise of “Golden Dawn” in Crisis-Ridden Greece. In Right-Wing Extremism in Europe: Country Analyses, Counter Strategies and Labor Marketed Oriented Exit Strategies, ed. Ralf Melzer and Sebastian Serafin. Berlin: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung.Google Scholar
  18. Goodey, Jo. 2007. Racist Violence in Europe: Challenges for Official Data Collection. Ethnic and Racial Studies 30(4): 570–589.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Golden Dawn. 2013a. Panhellenic Blood Donation for Our Fellow Greek Citizens. Accessed 27 March 2015.
  20. Golden Dawn. 2013b. “Big Participation in Golden Dawn’s Blood Donation Despite Governmental Obstruction Attempts. Accessed 27 March 2015.
  21. Golden Dawn. 2015. Golden Dawn ad subtitled. Accessed 25 September 2015.
  22. Hechter, Michael. 2000. Containing Nationalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Henley, Jon and Davies, Lizzy. 2012. “Greece’s far-right Golden Dawn party maintains share of the vote”. The Guardian [online] 18 June.
  24. Hobbes. Thomas. 1679/1983. De Cive (On the Citizen). Oxford: Clarendon.Google Scholar
  25. Human Rights Watch. 2012. Hate on the Streets: Xenophobic Violence in Greece. New York: Human Rights Watch.Google Scholar
  26. Iefimerida. 2013. Employees of Samos Hospital Were Arrested by a Public Prosecutor Because They Prevented a Blood Donation Organized by Golden Dawn. Iefimerida, 23 August. στον-εισαγγελέα-επειδή-απέτρεψαν-αιμοδοσία-της-χρυσής-αυγής-οι-εργαζόμενοι-στο-νοσοκομεί. Accessed 27 March 2015.
  27. Jenkins, Brian, and Spyros, A. Sofos. 1996. Nations and Nationalism in Contemporary Europe: A Theoretical Perspective. In Nation and Identity in Contemporary Europe, ed. Brian Jenkins and Spyros, A. Sofos. London and New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kathimerini. 2012. LAOS Chief Accuses PA.SO.K, N.D of Betraying the Country. Kathimerini, 9 April. Accessed 27 March 2015.
  29. Kitromilidis, Pascalis. 1989. Imagined Communities and the Origins of the National Question in the Balkans. European History Quarterly, 19.Google Scholar
  30. Kojève, Alexandre. 2014. The Notion of Authority (A Brief Presentation). Translated from the French by Hager Weslati. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  31. Lowen, Mark. 2012. Athens-the EU Capital City Without a Mosque. BBC, 28 December. Accessed 28 March.
  32. Michaloliakos, Nikos, G. 2014. Greece, a Country Without a Vision. Accessed 27 March 2015.
  33. Ministry of Interior, Greece. 2009. European Elections, 2009. Accessed 27 March 2015.
  34. Ministry of Interior, Greece. 2012a. Parliamentary Elections, May 2012. Accessed 27 March 2015.
  35. Ministry of Interior, Greece. 2012b. Parliamentary Elections, June 2012. Accessed 27 March 2015.
  36. Smith, Anthony, D. 1999. The Ethnic Origins of the Nations. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  37. Touraine, Alain. 2000. Can We Live Together? Equality and Difference. Translated from the French by David Macey. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  38. Touraine, Alain. 2010. Sociology Upside Down: From Systems to Subjects. New Cultural Frontiers 1(1): 4–15.Google Scholar
  39. Traynor, Ian. 2009. Swiss Vote to Ban Construction of Minarets on Mosques. The Guardian, 29 November. Accessed 28 March 2015.
  40. Triantafyllidou, Anna, and Hara Kouki. 2014. Naturalizing Racism in the Center of Athens in May 2011: Lessons from Greece. Journal of Immigration and Refugee Studies 12(4): 418–436.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. TVXS. 2013. The Battle for Attica Square. [video online] ντοκιμαντέρ/η-μάχη-για-την-πλατεία-αττικής. Accessed 27 March 2015.
  42. Wieviorka, Michel. 2012. Evil. Translated from the French by Kristin Couper-Lobel. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kostas Maronitis
    • 1
  1. 1.Leeds Trinity UniversityLeedsUnited Kingdom

Personalised recommendations