Advertisement

Mindfulness Applications in Health and Mental Disorders

  • Yi-Yuan TangEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The ability to exercise self-control is a vital aspect of human adaptability, and fundamental to health and well-being. Problems associated with self-control deficiencies are common and are associated with diverse behavioral problems and mental disorders. This chapter focuses on the effects of mindfulness on health and mental disorders such as stress reduction, immune function, addictions, ADHD, depression and aging. We suggest that mindfulness is an interventional technique that is beneficial to health and well-being, as well as an attitude and skill that can become a healthy habit and even a lifestyle.

Keywords

Addiction ADHD Aging Stress reduction Immune function Depression 

References

  1. Abdullaev, Y., Posner, M. I., & Dishion, T. J. (2008). Functional MRI of attention and language in adolescent chronic marijuana abuse. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 69(3), 209–210.Google Scholar
  2. Andrews-Hanna, J. R., Snyder, A. Z., Vincent, J. L., Lustig, C., Head, D., Raichle, M. E., et al. (2007). Disruption of large-scale brain systems in advanced aging. Neuron, 56(5), 924–935.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Bush, G. (2011). Cingulate, frontal, and parietal cortical dysfunction in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Biological Psychiatry, 69, 1160–1167.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Castellanos, F. X., & Proal, E. (2012). Large-scale brain systems in ADHD: Beyond the prefrontal-striatal model. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 16, 17–26.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Fan, Y., Tang, Y. Y., Lu, Q., Feng, S., Yu, Q., Sui, D., et al. (2009). Dynamic changes in salivary cortisol and secretory immunoglobulin a response to acute stress. Stress and Health, 25, 189–194.Google Scholar
  6. Fan, Y., Tang, Y. Y., Ma, Y., & Posner, M. I. (2010). Mucosal immunity modulated by integrative meditation in a dose dependent fashion. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 16(2), 151–155.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Fan, Y., Tang, Y. Y., & Posner, M. I. (2013). Cortisol level modulated by integrative meditation in a dose-dependent fashion. Stress Health, 30, 65–70.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Fjell, A. M., & Walhovd, K. B. (2010). Structural brain changes in aging: Courses, causes and cognitive consequences. Reviews in the Neurosciences, 21(3), 187–221.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Harris, J. L., Bargh, J. A., & Brownell, K. D. (2009). Priming effects of television food advertising on eating behavior. Health Psychology, 28, 404–413.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. Hartwell, K. J., et al. (2011). Neural correlates of craving and resisting craving for tobacco in nicotine dependent smokers. Addiction Biology, 16(4), 654–666.Google Scholar
  11. Hofmann, S. G., Sawyer, A. T., Witt, A. A., & Oh, D. (2010). The effect of mindfulness-based therapy on anxiety and depression: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78, 169–183.Google Scholar
  12. Katterman, S. N., Kleinman, B. M., Hood, M. M., Nackers, L. M., & Corsica, J. A. (2014). Mindfulness meditation as an intervention for binge eating, emotional eating, and weight loss: A systematic review. Eating Behaviours, 15, 197–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Leech, R., & Sharp, D. J. (2014). The role of the posterior cingulate cortex in cognition and disease. Brain, 137(Pt 1), 12–32.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Mantzios, M., & Wilson, J. C. (2015). Mindfulness, eating behaviors, and obesity: A review and reflection on current findings. Current Obesity Reports, 4, 141–6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. McCabe, J. A., et al. (2009). Appetitive and aversive taste conditioning in a computer game influences real world decision making and subsequent brain activation. Journal of Neuroscience, 29, 1046–1051.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Moeller, S. J., & Goldstein, R. Z. (2014). Impaired self-awareness in human addiction: Deficient attribution of personal relevance. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 18, 635–641.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  17. O’Reilly, G. A., Cook, L., Spruijt-Metz, D., & Black, D. S. (2014). Mindfulness-based interventions for obesity-related eating behaviors: A literature review. Obesity Reviews, 15, 453–461.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  18. Pizzagalli, D. A. (2011). Frontocingulate dysfunction in depression: Toward biomarkers of treatment response. Neuropsychopharmacology, 36(1), 183–206.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Plichta, M. M., & Scheres, A. (2014). Ventral-striatal responsiveness during reward anticipation in ADHD and its relation to trait impulsivity in the healthy population: A meta-analytic review of the fMRI literature. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 38, 125–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Tang, Y. Y. (2009). Exploring the Brain, Optimizing the Life. Beijing: Science Press.Google Scholar
  21. Tang, Y. Y., & Tang, R. (2015). Mindfulness meditation on ADHD prevention and intervention. In ADHD—New directions in diagnosis and treatment (pp. 293–301). InTech.Google Scholar
  22. Tang, Y. Y., Posner, M. I., & Rothbart, M. K. (2013). Meditation improves self-regulation over the lifespan. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1307, 104–111.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  23. Tang, Y. Y., Holzel, B. K., & Posner, M. I. (2015). The neuroscience of mindfulness meditation. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 16(4), 213–225.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Tang, Y. Y., Posner, M. I., Rothbart, M. K., & Volkow, N. D. (2015c). Circuitry of self-control and its role in reducing addiction. Trends in Cognitive Sciences,19(8), 439–444.Google Scholar
  25. Tang, Y. Y., Lu, Q., Feng, H., Tang, R., & Posner, M. I. (2015d). Short-term meditation increases blood flow in anterior cingulate cortex and insula. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 212.Google Scholar
  26. Tang, Y. Y., & Leve, L. D. (2016). A translational neuroscience perspective on mindfulness meditation as a prevention strategy. Translational Behavioral Medicine, 6(1), 63–72.Google Scholar
  27. Tang, Y. Y., Tang Y, Tang R, & Lewis-Peacock J. (2017). Brief mental training reorganizes large-scale networks. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, 11, 6.Google Scholar
  28. Tang, Y. Y., Ma, Y., Wang, J., Fan, Y., Feng, S., Lu, Q., et al. (2007). Short term meditation training improves attention and self-regulation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 104(43), 17152–17156Google Scholar
  29. Tang YY, Ma, Y., Fan, Y., Feng H, Wang, J., Feng, S., et al. (2009). Central and autonomic nervous system interaction is altered by short term meditation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 106(22), 8865–8870.Google Scholar
  30. Van der Oord, S., Bögels, S. M., & Peijnenburg, D. (2012). The effectiveness of mindfulness training for children with ADHD and mindful parenting for their parents. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 21, 139–147.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. van Tol, M.-J., van der Wee, N. J. A., van den Heuvel, O. A., et al. (2010). Regional brain volume in depression and anxiety disorders. Archives of General Psychiatry, 67(10), 1002–1011.Google Scholar
  32. Volkow, N. D., & Baler, R. D. (2015). NOW vs LATER brain circuits: Implications for obesity and addiction. Trends in Neuroscience, 38, 345–352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Volkow, N. D., Wang, G.J., & Baler, R. D. (2011). Reward, dopamine and the control of food intake: Implications for obesity. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 15, 37–46.Google Scholar
  34. Volkow, N. D., Wang, G. J., Tomasi, D., & Baler, R. D. (2013a). Obesity and addiction: Neurobiological Overlaps. Obesity Reviews, 14, 2–18.Google Scholar
  35. Volkow, N. D., Wang, G. J., Tomasi, D., & Baler, R. D. (2013b). The addictive dimensionality of obesity. Biological Psychiatry, 73(9), 811–8.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  36. Walter, M., Henning, A., Grimm, S., et al. (2009). The relationship between aberrant neuronal activation in the pregenual anterior cingulate, altered glutamatergic metabolism, and anhedonia in major depression. Archives of General Psychiatry, 66(5), 478–486.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Wedge, M. (2015). A disease called childhood: Why ADHD became an American epidemic. New York: Avery.Google Scholar
  38. Xue, S., Tang, Y. Y., & Posner, M. I. (2011). Short-term meditation increases network efficiency of the anterior cingulate cortex. NeuroReport, 22(12), 570–574.Google Scholar
  39. Xue, S., Tang, Y. Y., Tang, R., & Posner, M. I. (2014). Short-term meditation induces changes in brain resting EEG theta networks. Brain and Cognition, 87, 1–6.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychological SciencesTexas Tech UniversityLubbockUSA
  2. 2.Department of Internal MedicineTexas Tech University Health Sciences CenterLubbockUSA

Personalised recommendations