Advertisement

The Evolution of Internet Addiction Disorder

  • Kimberly YoungEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Studies in Neuroscience, Psychology and Behavioral Economics book series (SNPBE)

Abstract

This chapter presents the history and evolution of Internet addiction and describes the risk factors identified. As the problem has become more widespread, new studies examine the neuroscientific causes of Internet addiction and ways that the disorder may be treated primarily using behavior therapy, cognitive-behavioral techniques, and residential care. The chapter also provides the theoretical frameworks to understand the etiologic models or causal factors associated with the development of Internet addiction including a brief overview of the neuroscientific studies recently done. Finally, this chapter reviews the current treatment models used in Internet addiction recovery. As an introduction to this book, it is hoped this chapter gives a historical context of the disorder and promotes future areas of research as new studies in the field continue to emerge.

Keywords

Pathological Gambling Internet Addiction Harm Avoidance Chat Room Gray Matter Density 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. American Psychiatric Association (1994) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM). APA, Washington D.CGoogle Scholar
  2. Atwood JD, Schwartz L (2002) Cyber-sex: the new affair treatment considerations. J Couple Relat Ther 1:37–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Beard KW, Wolf EM (2001) Modification in the proposed diagnostic criteria for Internet addiction. CyberPsychol Behav 4:377–383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Block JJ (2008) Issues for DSM-V: internet addiction. Am J Psychiatry 165:306–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Caplan SE (2002) Problematic Internet use and psychosocial well-being: development of a theory-based cognitive-behavioral measurement instrument. Comput Hum Behav 18:553–575CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Davis RA (2001) A cognitive behavioral model of pathological internet use. Comput Hum Behav 17:187–195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dong G, Lu Q, Zhou H, Zhao X (2010) Impulse inhibition in people with internet addiction disorder: electrophysiological evidence from a Go/NoGo study. Neurosci Lett 485:138–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dowling NA, Quirk KL (2009) Screening for Internet dependence: do the proposed diagnostic criteria differentiate normal from dependent internet use? CyberPsychol Behav 12:21–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ebeling-Witte S, Frank ML, Lester D (2007) Shyness, Internet use, and personality. CyberPsychol Behav 10:713–716CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ferraro G, Caci B, D’Amico A, Di Blasi M (2007) Internet addiction disorder: an Italian study. CyberPsychol Behav 10:170–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ghassemzadeh L, Shahraray M, Moradi A (2008) Prevalence of Internet addiction and comparison of internet addicts and non-addicts in Iranian High Schools. CyberPsychol Behav 11:731–733CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Han DH, Lee YS, Yang KC et al (2007) Dopamine genes and reward dependence in adolescents with excessive internet video game play. J Addict Med 1:133–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hardie E, Tee MY (2007) Excessive internet use: the role of personality, loneliness and social support networks in internet addiction. Aust J Emerg Technol Soc 5:34–47Google Scholar
  14. Hur MH (2006) Internet addiction in Korean teenagers. CyberPsychology Behav 9:14–525CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jiang J (2009) Inside China’s fight against internet addiction. In: Time. Available via: http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1874380,00.html
  16. Johansson A, Götestam KG (2004) Internet addiction: characteristics of a questionnaire and prevalence in Norwegian youth (12–18 years). Scand J Psychol 45:223–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kaltiala-Heino R, Lintonen T, Rimpelä A (2004) Internet addiction? Potentially problematic use of the internet in a population of 12 to 18 year old adolescents. Addict Res Theory 12:89–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Khazaal Y, Billieux J, Thorens G et al (2008) French validation of the internet addiction test. CyberPsychol Behav 11:703–706CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kim D, Shin E (2013) Horses to the rescue of Korea’s internet-addicted teens. In: Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/01/11/us-korea-internet-horses-idUSBRE90A14G20130111. Accessed on 3 Jan 2015
  20. Korkeila J, Kaarlas S, Jääskeläinen M et al (2010) Attached to the web—harmful use of the internet and its correlates. Eur Psychiatry 25:236–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lam LT, Peng Z, Mai J, Jing J (2009) Factors associated with internet addiction among adolescents. CyberPsychol Behav 12:551–555CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. LaRose R, Mastro D, Eastin MS (2001) Understanding internet usage. A social-cognitive approach to uses and gratifications. Soc Sci Comput Rev 19:395–413CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lavin M, Marvin K, McLarney A et al (1999) Sensation seeking and collegiate vulnerability to internet dependence. CyberPsychol Behav 2:425–430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lee YS, Han DH, Yang KC et al (2008) Depression like characteristics of 5HTTLPR polymorphism and temperament in excessive internet users. J Affect Disord 109:165–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Leung L (2007) Stressful life events, motives for Internet use, and social support among digital kids. CyberPsychol Behav 10:204–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Liu J, Gao XP, Osunde I et al (2010) Increased regional homogeneity in internet addiction disorder a resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging study. China Med J 123:1904–1908Google Scholar
  27. Marlatt GA, Blumne AW, Parks GA (2001) Integrating harm reduction therapy and traditional substance abuse treatment. J Psychoactive Drugs 33:13–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Miller WR (1983) Motivational interviewing with problem drinkers. Behav Psychother 11:147–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Miller WR, Rollnick S (1991) Motivational interviewing: preparing people to change addictive behavior. Guilford Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  30. Montag C, Flierl M, Markett S et al (2011) Internet addiction and personality in first-person-shooter video gamers. J Media Psychol Theor Methods Appl 23:163–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Montag C, Kirsch P, Sauer C, Markett S, Reuter M (2012) The role of the CHRNA4 gene in internet addiction: a case-control study. J Addict Med 6:191–195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Morahan-Martin J (1999) The relationship between loneliness and internet use and abuse. CyberPsychol Behav 2:431–439CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Pawlikowski M, Brand M (2011) Excessive Internet gaming and decision making: do excessive World of Warcraft players have problems in decision making under risky conditions? Psychiatry Res 188:428–433CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Ryu EJ, Choi KS, Seo JS, Nam BW (2004) The relationships of internet addiction, depression, and suicidal ideation in adolescents. J Korean Acad Nurs 34:102–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Sang-Hun C (2010) South Korea expands aid for internet addiction. New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/29/world/asia/29game.html?_r=0
  36. Sariyska R, Reuter M, Bey K et al (2014) Self-esteem, personality and Internet addiction: a cross-cultural comparison study. Personality Individ Differ 61–62:28–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Shapiro NA, Goldsmith TD, Keck PE et al (2000) Psychiatric evaluation of individuals with problematic internet use. J Affect Disord 57:267–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Siomos KE, Dafouli ED, Braimiotis DA et al (2008) Internet addiction among Greek adolescent students. CyberPsychol Behav 11:653–657CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Suhail K, Bargees Z (2006) Effects of excessive internet use on undergraduate students in Pakistan. CyberPsychol Behav 9:297–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Tao R, Huang X, Wang J et al (2010) Proposed diagnostic criteria for internet addiction. Addiction 105:556–564CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Whitty M (2005) The realness of cybercheating. Soc Sci Comput Rev 23:57–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Widyanto L, McMurren M (2004) The psychometric properties of the internet addiction test. CyberPsychol Behav 7:445–453CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Yen JY, Ko CH, Yen CF et al (2007) The comorbid psychiatric symptoms of internet addiction: attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), depression, social phobia, and hostility. J Adolesc Health 41:93–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Yen JY, Ko CH, Yen CF et al (2008) Psychiatric symptoms in adolescents with internet addiction: comparison with substance use. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 62:9–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Young KS (1998) Internet addiction: the emergence of a new clinical disorder. CyberPsychol Behav 1:237–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Young KS (2004) Internet addiction: the consequences of a new clinical phenomena. In: Doyle K (ed) American behavioral scientist: psychology and the new media. Sage, Thousand Oaks, pp 1–14Google Scholar
  47. Young KS (2007) Cognitive-behavioral therapy with internet addicts: treatment outcomes and implications. CyberPsychol Behav 10:671–679CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Young KS (2011) CBT-IA: the first treatment model to address internet addiction. J Cogn Therapy 25:304–312Google Scholar
  49. Young KS (2013) Treatment outcomes using CBT-IA with Internet-addicted patients. J Behav Addict 2(4):209–215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Zhou Y, Lin FC, Du YS et al (2011) Gray matter abnormalities in internet addiction: a voxel-based morphometry study. Eur J Radiol 79:92–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Internet AddictionSt. Bonaventure UniversityAlleganyUSA

Personalised recommendations