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Looking Forward

Chapter
Part of the Nutrition and Health book series (NH)

Abstract

Advancements in science and research over the past 30 years have illuminated the essential nature of nitrite and nitrate in our food supply. The previous chapters have highlighted the historical journey of nitrite and nitrate from vilified food additives that possibly cause cancer to being recognized as essential nutrients with medicinal properties via restoration of nitric oxide homeostasis. However, there is still much to be learned about nitrite and nitrate in human health and disease. As we continue to advance the field, there are fundamental questions that remain. Optimal ranges of intake will need to be established through dietary guidelines to maximize the benefits while mitigating any potential risks of overexposure to these naturally occurring anions. This information will allow for future research using safe and effective doses of nitrite and nitrate in long-term clinical trials to effectively test their roles in disease prevention or treatment. This chapter will illustrate how we see the field evolving in the next 20 years

Keywords

Safety Dietary guidelines Hypertension Prevention 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Molecular and Human GeneticsBaylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Department of MedicineHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  3. 3.Department of MedicineBrigham and Women’s HospitalBostonUSA

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