Nitrite and Nitrate in Human Breast Milk: Implications for Development

Part of the Nutrition and Health book series (NH)


Nitrite and nitrate from dietary sources offer a number of nutritional and health-promoting functions in adults and infants. The presence of relatively high concentrations of nitrite and nitrate in human breast milk provides additional support and evidence that these anions are necessary for growth and development as well as immunological support in the newborn infant. The emerging data suggest that differences in the nitrite and nitrate content of breast milk and formula milk may account for some of the health disparities of breastfed vs. formula-fed infants. This chapter presents the context for the essential role of nitrite and nitrate in the newborn infant.


Nursing Infants Formula Health disparity Colostrum Neonate 


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive SciencesMcGovern Medical School at the University of Texas Health Science Center at HoustonHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Molecular and Human GeneticsBaylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA

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