Biomimetic Adhesives and Coatings Based on Mussel Adhesive Proteins

  • Yuan Liu
  • Hao Meng
  • Phillip B. Messersmith
  • Bruce P. LeeEmail author
  • Jeffrey L. Dalsin


Nature provides many outstanding examples of adhesive strategies from which chemists and material scientists can draw inspiration in their pursuit of new adhesive materials. Mussels secrete adhesive proteins, which enable these organisms to bind tightly to various surfaces under water. One of the key structure component of mussel adhesive protein (MAP) is the presence of a catecholic amino acid, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA), which plays an important role in the curing and interfacial binding of MAP. The catechol side chain is capable of undergoing various reversible and irreversible interactions with both organic and inorganic substrates. Modification of inert polymer systems with DOPA and other catechol derivatives have imparted these materials with water-resistant adhesive properties and the ability to cure rapidly. This chapter focuses on the various strategies used in developing biomimetic adhesives and coatings, as well as recent developments of self-healing and smart materials that employ MAP chemistry.


Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization Boronic Acid Byssal Thread Catechol Group 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors would like to acknowledge NIH (R15GM104846 and R15GM112082 for BPL, YL, and HM; R37DE014193 and R01EB005772 for PBM) for financial support of this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuan Liu
    • 1
  • Hao Meng
    • 1
  • Phillip B. Messersmith
    • 2
  • Bruce P. Lee
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jeffrey L. Dalsin
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Biomedical EngineeringMichigan Technological UniversityHoughtonUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Materials Science and Engineering and BioengineeringUniversity of California, BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA
  3. 3.Department of Biomedical EngineeringNorthwestern UniversityEvanstonUSA

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