Advertisement

Belief as Habit

  • Atocha Aliseda
Chapter
Part of the Studies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics book series (SAPERE, volume 31)

Abstract

In this paper we analyze the thesis according to which belief is a habit of conduct, one purely of thought or leading to action, basing our analysis on the notion of abduction interpreted as an epistemic process for belief revision, all of this within the frame of Charles Peirce’s Pragmatism. The notion of abduction in his work is entangled with many aspects of his philosophy. On the one hand, it is linked to his epistemology, a dynamic view of thought as logical inquiry, and corresponds to a deep philosophical concern, that of studying the nature of synthetic reasoning. On the other hand, abduction is proposed as the underlying logic of pragmatism: “If you carefully consider the question of pragmatism you will see that it is nothing else than the question of the logic of abduction.” (1903) [CP 5.196]. Two natural consequences of this analysis are the following: the interpretation of Peirce’s abductive formulation goes beyond that of a logical argument, especially when viewed as an epistemic process for belief revision and habit acquisition. Moreover, the requirement of experimental verification goes beyond hypotheses verification, for it also requires the calculation of their effects; those that produce new habits of conduct, being these theoretical or practical.

Keywords

Pragmatism Abduction Habit Pragmatic maxim 

References

  1. Aliseda, Atocha. 1997. Seeking explanations: Abduction in logic, philosophy of science and artificial intelligence. Ph.D. Dissertation, Philosophy Department, Stanford University. Published by the Institute for Logic, Language and Computation (ILLC), University of Amsterdam (ILLC Dissertation Series 1997–4).Google Scholar
  2. Aliseda, Atocha. 2000. Abduction as epistemic change: A peircean model in artificial intelligence. Abduction and induction: Essays on their relation and integration. Applied Logic Series, Vol 18, eds. Peter A. Flach and Antonis C. Kakas, 45–58. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  3. Aliseda, Atocha. 2005. The logic of abduction in the light of Peirce’s pragmatism. Semiotica 153(1/4): 363–374.Google Scholar
  4. Aliseda, Atocha. 2006. Abductive reasoning. Logical investigations into discovery and explanation. Springer, Synthese Library, Vol 330. Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  5. Aliseda, Atocha. 2009. Logic and knowledge: Expectations via induction and abduction. In The many sides of logic. Studies in Logic 21, eds. W. Carnielli, M.E. Coniglio, and I.M. D’Ottaviano, 497–510. College Publications: United Kingdom.Google Scholar
  6. Anderson, Douglas R. 1986. The evolution of Peirce’s concept of abduction. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 22(2): 145–164.Google Scholar
  7. Anderson, Douglas R. 1987. Creativity and the philosophy of C.S. Peirce. Philosophy library, Vol 27. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.Google Scholar
  8. Campos, Daniel G. 2011. On the distinction between Peirce’s abduction and Lipton’s inference to the best explanation. Synthese 180: 419–442.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fann, K.T. 1970. Peirce’s theory of abduction. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Flach, Peter A., and Antonis C. Kakas, eds. 2000. Abduction and induction. Essays on their relation and integration. Applied Logic Series, Vol 18. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  11. Peirce, Charles Sanders. i. 1867–1913. Collected papers of Charles Sanders Peirce. Vols. 1–6, eds. Charles Hartshorne and Paul Weiss. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1931–1935. Vols. 7–8, ed. Arthur W. Burks. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1958. [References to Peirce’s papers will be designated by CP, followed by volume, period, paragraph number.].Google Scholar
  12. Peirce, Charles Sanders. i. 1867–1893. The essential Peirce: Selected philosophical writing. Volume 1 (1867–1893), eds. Nathan Houser and Christian Kloesel. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1992. [References to this volume will be designated by EP 1, followed by colon, page number.].Google Scholar
  13. Peirce, Charles Sanders. i. 1893–1913. The essential Peirce: Selected philosophical writing. Vol 2 (1893–1913), ed. the Peirce Edition Project. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998. [References to this volume will be designated by EP 2, followed by colon, page number.].Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Autonomous UniversityMexicoMexico

Personalised recommendations