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Mitochondrial Transfer by Intercellular Nanotubes

  • Viviana SanchezEmail author
  • Alicia Brusco
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Biochemistry in Health and Disease book series (ABHD, volume 16)

Abstract

Cell-to-cell communication is a critical requirement for the coordination of cell behavior in tissue homeostasis and the conservation of multicellular organisms. Among several types of intercellular communication, tunneling nanotubes (TNTs) were discovered no more than a decade ago but are now known to constitute intercellular bridges connecting distant cells. Over the last decade, research has shown TNTs to have structural and functional properties which vary across cell types. TNTs permit cell-to-cell communication on the basis of membrane continuity between connected cells and are capable of transferring various types of intracellular components including calcium ions, cytoplasmic molecules and different types of organelles. In this chapter, we will describe the different mechanisms of TNT formation, their heterogeneous composition and their functional roles in physiological and pathological processes. In this context, we also discuss the importance of mitochondria transfer from stem cells to recipient cells with nonfunctional mitochondria, which results in a significant improvement in aerobic respiration. The transfer of healthy mitochondria through TNTs may rescue damaged cells and thus constitute an alternative therapeutic approach for pathologies involving oxidative stress.

Keywords

Tunneling nanotubes Intercellular transfer Mitochondria Mitochondrial transfer Intercellular communication 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Dr. N. Villalba, Dr. L. Fiore, Dr. R.J. Gelpi, Dr. A. Boveris and Dr. J.J. Poderoso for authorizing the use of photomicrographs obtained in ongoing collaborative work.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Cell Biology and Neuroscience (UBA-CONICET), School of MedicineUniversity of Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina

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