Sail Plan Parametric CAD Model for an A-Class Catamaran Numerical Optimization Procedure Using Open Source Tools
A geometric tool for a catamarans sail plan and appendages optimization procedure is descripted. The method integrates a parametric CAD model, an automatic computational domain generator and a Velocity Prediction Program (VPP) based on a combination of sail RANS computations and analytical models. The boat performance is obtained, in an iterative process, solving the forces and moment equilibrium system of equations. Hull and appendages forces are modelled by analytical formulations. The closure of the equilibrium system is provided by the CFD solution of the sail plan. The procedure permits to find the combination of appendages configuration, rudders setting, sail planform, shape and trim that maximize the VMG (Velocity Made Good). A significant effort was addressed to the selection and evaluation of open-source tools to be adopted in the implementation of the method. The geometric parametric model, which is the core of the procedure, was object of particular attention. The FreeCAD geometric modeller was selected for this task. The sail shapes candidates are automatically generated, within the optimization procedure, by Python scripts that drive FreeCAD to update the geometry according to the variables combination. A very flexible model, able to offer a very wide space of variables, was implemented. This paper describes the implemented geometric model and the environment in which is included.
KeywordsParametric CAD Open-Source Numerical Optimization Sail design
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