Preliminary Study on Automatic Recognition of Spatial Expressions in Polish Texts

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9924)


In the paper we cover the problem of spatial expression recognition in text for Polish language. A spatial expression is a text fragment which describes a relative location of two or more physical objects to each other. The first part of the paper treats about a Polish corpus annotated with spatial expressions and annotators agreement. In the second part we analyse the feasibility of spatial expression recognition by overviewing relevant tools and resources for text processing for Polish. Then we present a knowledge-based approach which utilizes the existing tools and resources for Polish, including: a morpho-syntactic tagger, shallow parsers, a dependency parser, a named entity recognizer, a general ontology, a wordnet and a wordnet to ontology mapping. We also present a dedicated set of manually created syntactic and semantic patterns for generating and filtering candidates of spatial expressions. In the last part we discuss the results obtained on the reference corpus with the proposed method and present detailed error analysis.


Information extraction Spatial expressions Spatial relations 



Work financed as part of the investment in the CLARIN-PL research infrastructure funded by the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.G4.19 Research Group, Department of Computational Intelligence, Faculty of Computer Science and ManagementWrocław University of TechnologyWrocławPoland

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