Improved Assessment of Groundwater Recharge in a Mediterranean Karst Region: Andalusia, Spain

  • Lara Kirn
  • Matías Mudarra
  • Ana Marín
  • Bartolome Andreo
  • Andreas Hartmann
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Karst Science book series (AKS)

Abstract

Karst aquifers provide a significant contribution to the drinking water supplies of many countries in Europe. Estimating their recharge rate, i.e. the fraction of precipitation that is turned into groundwater recharge, is an essential tool to assess usable groundwater water volumes. In this study, we extended a previously developed GIS-based recharge estimation method (APLIS) to take into account climate variability by adding a simple soil moisture routine whose parameters were a priori estimated with globally available FAO soil property data. We applied the new approach to a karst system in southern Spain and evaluated our results with spring discharge observations. To exemplify the prediction skills of the new method, we applied the five climate models from the Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project to assess changes in recharge rates of the study site until the end of this century.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lara Kirn
    • 1
  • Matías Mudarra
    • 2
  • Ana Marín
    • 2
  • Bartolome Andreo
    • 2
  • Andreas Hartmann
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Earth and Environmental ResourcesUniversity of FreiburgFreiburgGermany
  2. 2.Facultad de CienciasCentro de Hidrogeología de La Universidad de MálagaMalagaSpain
  3. 3.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of BristolBristolUK

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