Materials and Methods

  • Aminul Islam
  • Pogaku Ravindra


This chapter describes the materials and methods applied throughout this thesis, giving a description of the procedures that were used to prepare the catalyst particle. Besides, catalysts characterization technique and mathematical equations were also included into this chapter. The summary is indicated in the following flowchart (Fig. 3.1). Different materials used are provided in the text.


Shear Rate Fatty Acid Methyl Ester Transesterification Reaction Flow Behavior Index Fatty Acid Methyl Ester Yield 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aminul Islam
    • 1
    • 2
  • Pogaku Ravindra
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of EngineeringUniversiti Malaysia SabahKotakinabaluMalaysia
  2. 2.Energy Research UnitUniversity Malaysia SabahKotakinabaluMalaysia

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