Fuzzy Cognitive Maps for Long-Term Prognosis of the Evolution of Atmospheric Pollution, Based on Climate Change Scenarios: The Case of Athens

  • Vardis-Dimitris Anezakis
  • Konstantinos Dermetzis
  • Lazaros Iliadis
  • Stefanos Spartalis
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9875)

Abstract

Air pollution is related to the concentration of harmful substances in the lower layers of the atmosphere and it is one of the most serious problems threatening the modern way of life. Determination of the conditions that cause maximization of the problem and assessment of the catalytic effect of relative humidity and temperature are important research subjects in the evaluation of environmental risk. This research effort describes an innovative model towards the forecasting of both primary and secondary air pollutants in the center of Athens, by employing Soft Computing Techniques. More specifically, Fuzzy Cognitive Maps are used to analyze the conditions and to correlate the factors contributing to air pollution. According to the climate change scenarios till 2100, there is going to be a serious fluctuation of the average temperature and rainfall in a global scale. This modeling effort aims in forecasting the evolution of the air pollutants concentrations in Athens as a consequence of the upcoming climate change.

Keywords

Fuzzy Cognitive Maps Air pollutants Climate change models Soft Computing Techniques 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vardis-Dimitris Anezakis
    • 1
  • Konstantinos Dermetzis
    • 1
  • Lazaros Iliadis
    • 1
  • Stefanos Spartalis
    • 2
  1. 1.Lab of Forest-Environmental Informatics and Computational Intelligence, Department of Forestry and Management of the Environment and Natural ResourcesDemocritus University of ThraceN OrestiadaGreece
  2. 2.Laboratory of Computational Mathematics, Department of Production and Management Engineering, School of EngineeringDemocritus University of ThraceXanthiGreece

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