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Origin and Domestication of Foxtail Millet

  • Xianmin DiaoEmail author
  • Guanqing Jia
Chapter
Part of the Plant Genetics and Genomics: Crops and Models book series (PGG, volume 19)

Abstract

Among the more than 100 species in Setaria, S. macrostachya, S. pumila, and foxtail millet (S. italica) cereals were domesticated by human beings. However, only foxtail millet became a worldwide crop, contributing greatly to the development of Chinese civilization and remaining as a staple cereal in arid and semi-arid regions. Green foxtail is the ancestor of cultivated foxtail millet and both can be regarded as the same species. Archeological evidence indicates that the domestication of foxtail millet from green foxtail probably began around 16,000 YBP, was a recognized crop around 9000–10,000 YBP, and became popular in Northern China at about 5000–6000 YBP, then spread to other parts of the world. Although there has been some controversies over whether the domestication of foxtail millet has occurred more than once, recent molecular data and archeological evidence suggest a single domestication event.

Keywords

Foxtail millet Green foxtail Domestication Setaria 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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