Regeneration of Indigenous Peace Traditions in Aotearoa New Zealand

  • Heather DevereEmail author
  • Kelli Te Maihāroa
  • Maui Solomon
  • Maata Wharehoka
Part of the The Anthropocene: Politik—Economics—Society—Science book series (APESS, volume 9)


In this chapter, we relate the little-known stories of some Indigenous peace traditions of Aotearoa New Zealand. We provide an historical account of three peace traditions: the Moriori of Rēkohu (Chatham Islands); Waitaha in the South Island; and Parihaka in the North Island. The Moriori people adhered to an ancient vow to never kill another person and were almost wiped out by occupying Māori tribes in the 1830s. The Waitaha people, who believe their tribe or ‘iwi’ to be the “caretakers of the god of peace”, took part in a peace march for justice in 1877. The people of Parihaka used passive resistance to oppose European occupation of their land in the mid to late 1800s. All three peace traditions are currently being sustained and regenerated to promote lessons of peaceful interactions as alternatives to violence.


Aotearoa New Zealand Peace traditions Māori Moriori Rēkohu Waitaha Parihaka 


  1. Abolon, K., 2011: Kaadossiwin: How We Come to Know (Halifax, NS: Fernwood Publishing).Google Scholar
  2. Beattie, H., 1939–1945: The Heke to Omarama 1878: A Celebrated Migration which Nearly Led to Fighting (Wellington: Beatties Collection E-21:1–19).Google Scholar
  3. Binney, J., 1995: Redemption Songs: The Life of Te Kooti Arikirangi Te Turuki (Auckland: Auckland University Press and Bridget Williams Books).Google Scholar
  4. Elsmore, B., 1999: Mana from Heaven: A Century of Māori Prophets in New Zealand (Auckland: Reed).Google Scholar
  5. Headlands, T.; Pike, K.; Harris, M. (Eds.), 1990: Emics and Etics: The Insider/Outsider Debate (Newbury Park, CA: Sage).Google Scholar
  6. Hook, G., 2009: ‘Warrior genes’ and the Disease of Being Māori, MAI Review, 2: 1–11.Google Scholar
  7. King, M., 2000: Moriori: A People Rediscovered (Revised Edition) (Auckland: Viking).Google Scholar
  8. Knight, I., 2013: The New Zealand Wars 1820–1872 (Oxford: Osprey).Google Scholar
  9. Macdonald, F., 1991: The New Zealand Listener, 25 February: 30–32.Google Scholar
  10. Me Rongo Declaration 2011, Rēkohu, (unpublished).Google Scholar
  11. Mikaere, B., 1997: Te Maiharoa and the Promised Land. Raupu Publishing.Google Scholar
  12. Perbal, L., 2013: “The ‘Warrior Gene’ and the Maori People: The Responsibility of the Geneticists”, in: Bioethics, 27,7: 382–387.Google Scholar
  13. Riseborough, H., 1989: Days of Darkness: The Government and Parihaka, Taranaki 1878–1884. (Wellington: Allen and Unwin/Port Nicholson Press).Google Scholar
  14. Ruka, P., 2012: Written correspondence with Kelli Te Maihāroa, December 12th, (Dunedin).Google Scholar
  15. Smith, A., 2001: “Taranaki Waiata Tangi and Feelings for Place” (Doctor of Philosophy Thesis, Lincoln University).Google Scholar
  16. Te Maihāroa, Rangimārie, 2013: Interview with Kelli Te Maihāroa, April 4th, (Ōmārama).Google Scholar
  17. Waitangi Tribunal, 2001: Rēkohu: A Report on Moriori and Ngati Mutunga Claims in the Chatham Islands, Wai 64, (Wellington: Legislation Direct).Google Scholar
  18. Williams, J., 2010: “Towards a Model for Indigenous Research”, in: Hokowhitu, B.; Kermoal, N.; Anderson, C.; Reilly, M.; Petersen, A.; Altamirano-Jimenez, I.; Rewi, P. (Eds.): Indigenous Identity and Resistance: Researching the Diversity of Knowledge (Dunedin: Otago University Press): 107–124.Google Scholar
  19. Wilson, J., 2008: “Alan Duff: Brown Man’s Burden”, in: British Review of New Zealand Studies, 17: 115–142.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heather Devere
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kelli Te Maihāroa
    • 2
  • Maui Solomon
    • 3
  • Maata Wharehoka
    • 4
  1. 1.National Centre for Peace and Conflict StudiesUniversity of OtagoDunedinNew Zealand
  2. 2.School of EducationUniversity of OtagoDunedinNew Zealand
  3. 3.Hokotehi Moriori TrustRēkohuNew Zealand
  4. 4.University of OtagoDunedinNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations