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How to Become a Smart City: Learning from Amsterdam

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Smart and Sustainable Planning for Cities and Regions (SSPCR 2015)

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Abstract

This exploratory study has been carried out to better understand the development process of strategies that allow large European cities to become smart. This aim is achieved through the analysis of the Amsterdam’s smart city strategy. By using case study research with a descriptive approach, the activities undertaken during the implementation of this successful initiative have been mapped and organized in a step-by-step roadmap. This made it possible to obtain a detailed description of the entire development process, useful knowledge to consider for other similar initiatives, and a conceptual framework for future comparative research. All these results will support the construction of a holistic and empirically valid theory able to explain how to build effective smart city strategies in this type of urban area.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    Large cities are urban areas with a population of between 500,000 and 1.5 million inhabitants. This definition aligns with the classification system of urban areas proposed by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (Brezzi et al. 2012).

  2. 2.

    The AIM is a foundation established in 2006 that helps to preserve and strengthen the Amsterdam Metropolitan Area’s authoritative position in the knowledge economy. By supporting new ideas and ventures that stimulate entrepreneurship, this foundation constantly develops new initiatives collaborating with universities, industries, local governments, and many other independent organizations. The initiatives developed by the Amsterdam Innovation Motor are connected to four strategic areas: creative industries and new media; information and communication technology (ICT); life sciences; and sustainability (Amsterdam Innovation Motor 2009, 2011; Amsterdam Smart City 2011a). Starting from 2013, the AIM has become part of the Amsterdam Economic Board (Amsterdam Economic Board 2014; The Technopolicy Network 2014).

  3. 3.

    Liander is a Dutch energy-grid operator which forms part of Alliander, the largest energy company in the Netherlands. Its task is to build, maintain, and manage energy networks in order to distribute gas and electricity to large parts of the Netherlands, including the Amsterdam Metropolitan Area (Amsterdam Innovation Motor 2009).

  4. 4.

    The Amsterdam Economic Board is a foundation which performs the same functions of the AIM: “under the umbrella of the Amsterdam Economic Board, representatives from governmental agencies, research institutes and the business world have jointly taken responsibility to work towards strengthening the economy of the Amsterdam Metropolitan Area. The Board strives to stimulate and support sustainable collaboration, innovation and growth in the region, and strengthen international competitiveness” (Amsterdam Economic Board 2014).

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Mora, L., Bolici, R. (2017). How to Become a Smart City: Learning from Amsterdam. In: Bisello, A., Vettorato, D., Stephens, R., Elisei, P. (eds) Smart and Sustainable Planning for Cities and Regions. SSPCR 2015. Green Energy and Technology. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-44899-2_15

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