Basics of the Meniscus

  • Ibrahim Fatih Cengiz
  • Joana Silva-Correia
  • Helder Pereira
  • João Espregueira-Mendes
  • Joaquim Miguel OliveiraEmail author
  • Rui Luís Reis
Part of the Studies in Mechanobiology, Tissue Engineering and Biomaterials book series (SMTEB, volume 21)


The meniscus is a fibro-cartilaginous tissue located between the femoral condyles and the tibial plateau in the knee. The presence of the meniscus tissue is vital for the proper function of the knee. Meniscal injuries are very frequent cases in the orthopaedics, and they have limited self-healing capacity. The importance of the basic science of meniscus has been acknowledged for the meniscus development of regenerative strategies, and the knowledge is increasing over time. Herein, the biology, anatomy, and biochemistry of meniscus tissue are overviewed.


Femoral Condyle Tibial Plateau Medial Collateral Ligament Lateral Meniscus Medial Meniscus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors thank the financial support of the MultiScaleHuman project (Contract Number: MRTN-CT-2011-289897) in the Marie Curie Actions—Initial Training Networks. I. F. Cengiz thanks the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) for the Ph.D. scholarship (SFRH/BD/99555/2014). J. M. Oliveira also thanks the FCT for the funds provided to under the program Investigador FCT 2012 (IF/00423/2012).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ibrahim Fatih Cengiz
    • 1
    • 2
  • Joana Silva-Correia
    • 1
    • 2
  • Helder Pereira
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • João Espregueira-Mendes
    • 2
    • 3
  • Joaquim Miguel Oliveira
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Rui Luís Reis
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.3B’s Research Group—Biomaterials, Biodegradables and Biomimetics, Headquarters of the European Institute of Excellence on Tissue Engineering and Regenerative MedicineUniversity of MinhoBarco GMRPortugal
  2. 2.ICVS/3B’s—PT Government Associate LaboratoryBraga/GuimarãesPortugal
  3. 3.Clínica Espregueira-Mendes F.C. Porto Stadium—FIFA Medical Centre of ExcellencePortoPortugal
  4. 4.Orthopedic DepartmentCentro Hospitalar Póvoa de VarzimVila do CondePortugal

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