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Table 9.2 Childlessness of select groups of women by educational field and level in Sweden and Austria (per cent childless, women born 1955–1959)

From: Education and Childlessness: The Influence of Educational Field and Educational Level on Childlessness among Swedish and Austrian Women

  Austria Sweden
Education   
Pre-school teacher child carers 13.5 11.0
Primary school teacher 16.5 10.3
High school teacher 29.1 17.3
Health   
Midwife 10.6 6.4
Nurse 14.5 13.0
Medical doctor 25.4 15.9
Education without Matura/ 2-year upper-secondary education   
Beautician/hairdresser 12.7 9.6
Textile specialist 10.6 13.9
 Apprenticeship 9.3  
 Vocational middle school 15.2  
Hotel/restaurant business 12.7 22.4
 Apprenticeship 11.7  
 Vocational middle school 17.9  
Home economics 11.4 21.6
Agriculture 7.4 15.5
University   
Social sciences 37.3 32.9
Theology 33.9 30.9
Humanities 33.1 30.4
Psychology 32.5 32.7
Technical university/natural sciences   
Engineers/technical professions 14.6 19.0
Natural sciences 26.2 22.0
  1. Source: Hoem et al. (2006) and Neyer and Hoem (2008)