STRALSUND: The German Oceanographic Museum
The foundation German Oceanographic Museum in Stralsund (Stiftung Deutsches Meeresmuseum, DMM) today is established as a scientific, educational and collective national museum institution. It maintains four exhibition facilities attracting about 800,000–1 million visitors annually. The exhibitions and marine aquaria impart knowledge about marine environments, organisms, processes and ecological contexts of life in the seas, as well as interactions of man with the marine ambience and resources. As a research museum, it houses zoological (and botanical) collections of marine and coastal organisms, documents of coastal geology, marine science technologies and artisanal coastal fisheries.
The rather young museum—founded in 1951 during the era of the German Democratic Republic (GDR)—works with an explicit emphasis on attractive educational exhibitions and aquaria. Research activities were focused on distinct subject sectors like marine mammals, fish systematics or coral reef ecology—the collections amount to approx. 42,000 items (in 2017). Large subunits are represented by the collections of fish, coelenterates, crustaceans and shelled molluscs, with a further significant number of Baltic marine mammals. Smaller convolutes include shorebirds, marine turtles, cephalopods and various invertebrate taxa.
KeywordsBaltic Marine mammals Fishes Crustaceans Molluscs Coral
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