W2T Framework Based U-Pillbox System Towards U-Healthcare for the Elderly

  • Jianhua Ma
  • Neil Y. YenEmail author
  • Runhe Huang
  • Xin Zhao
Part of the Web Information Systems Engineering and Internet Technologies Book Series book series (WISE)


Healthcare is a challenging issue for persons with physical disabilities (e.g., the elderly). One significant issue refers to non-adherence of medication regimens in geriatric healthcare, particularly among elderly patients who live alone. To address this problem, thousands of ubiquitous hardware (e.g., smart objects) and software (e.g., u-pillbox, etc.) have been developed. Although partial solutions were given, it is important to have a comprehensive understanding to medication adherence. This requires a framework expected to host healthcare devices, execute related applications, and provide an open platform for accessing and interacting with other healthcare systems (e.g., hospital and pharmacy). This chapter proposes a W2T data cycle based holistic elderly healthcare framework and demonstrates its functionality with a u-pillbox system for the elderly. The u-pillbox system consists of three main processes: data acquisition of the elderly situation and medicine taking state; data analysis and elderly model enhancement; and provision of empathetic services to the elderly, in which cyber-I, human model, data cycle for the spiral quality of model enhancement, knowledge fusion towards wisdom for providing smart services are our critical concepts and techniques. Although this system is designated for geriatric healthcare, it has a potential extension to general health monitoring and care at home.


Healthcare Service Human Model Emotion Model Ubiquitous Technology Healthcare Infrastructure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Except the above-mentioned issues, an emerging challenge is worth a mentioning. It is about an optimally-designed and mass-produced u-pillbox devices, and a sufficiently powerful infrastructure employing a wide range of innovative applications be built. How will we be able to judge whether the u-pillbox system has improved geriatric healthcare for the better? The answer probably lies in a balance of carefully designed longitudinal medical studies and clinical testing, requiring cooperation with a range of health bodies.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jianhua Ma
    • 1
  • Neil Y. Yen
    • 2
    Email author
  • Runhe Huang
    • 1
  • Xin Zhao
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Computer and Information ScienceHosei UniversityTokyoJapan
  2. 2.School of Computer Science and Engineering, The University of AizuFukushimaJapan

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