Multi Cystic Dysplastic Kidney (MCDK)

  • Ahmed H. Al-Salem


Multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK), a variant of renal dysplasia results from the malformation of the kidney during fetal development.


Contralateral Kidney Renal Dysplasia Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction Alagille Syndrome 
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Further Reading

  1. 1.
    Al Naimi A, Baumüller JE, Spahn S, Bahlmann F. Prenatal diagnosis of multicystic dysplastic kidney disease in the second trimester screening. Prenat Diagn. 2013;33:1–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Atiyeh B, Husmann D, Baum M. Contralateral renal abnormalities in multicystic-dysplastic kidney disease. J Pediatr. 1992;121(1):65–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Baudoin P, Provoost AP, Molenaar JC. Renal function up to 50 years after unilateral nephrectomy in childhood. Am J Kidney Dis. 1993;21(6):603–11.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Beckwith JB. Should asymptomatic unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidneys be removed because of the future risk of neoplasia? Pediatr Nephrol. 1992;6(6):511.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Belk RA, Thomas DF, Mueller RF, et al. A family study and the natural history of prenatally detected unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney. J Urol. 2002;167(2 Pt 1):666–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Calaway AC, Whittam B, Szymanski KM, Misseri R, Kaefer M, Rink RC, et al. Multicystic dysplastic kidney: is an initial voiding cystourethrogram necessary? Can J Urol. 2014;21(5):7510–4.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Colodny AH. The management of multicystic dysplastic kidney in infancy. Urology. 1995;45(6):1084–5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dungan JS, Fernandez MT, Abbitt PL, et al. Multicystic dysplastic kidney: natural history of prenatally detected cases. Prenat Diagn. 1990;10(3):175–82.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kuwertz-Broeking E, Brinkmann OA, Von Lengerke HJ, et al. Unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney: experience in children. BJU Int. 2004;93(3):388–92.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Narchi H. Risk of hypertension with multicystic kidney disease: a systematic review. Arch Dis Child. 2005;90(9):921–4.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sarhan OM, Alghanbar M, Alsulaihim A, Alharbi B, Alotay A, Nakshabandi Z. Multicystic dysplastic kidney: impact of imaging modality selection on the initial management and prognosis. J Pediatr Urol. 2014;10(4):645–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Saxen L, Sariola H. Early organogenesis of the kidney. Pediatr Nephrol. 1987;1(3):385–92.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wacksman J, Phipps L. Report of the multicystic kidney registry: preliminary findings. J Urol. 1993;150(6):1870–2.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmed H. Al-Salem
    • 1
  1. 1.Pediatric SurgeryAlSadik HospitalQatifSaudi Arabia

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