Priapism in Children

  • Ahmed H. Al-Salem


Priapism is defined as a prolonged, non-physiologic, sustained and painful erection.


Erectile Dysfunction Sickle Cell Disease Sickle Cell Erectile Function Corpus Cavernosa 
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Further Reading

  1. 1.
    Adeyoju AB, Olujohungbe ABK, Olujohungbe ABK. Priapism in sickle-cell disease; incidence, risk factors and complications—an international multicenter study. Br J Urol Int. 2002;90(9):898–902.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Burnett AL, Bivalacqua TJ, Champion HC, Musicki B. Long-term oral phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor therapy alleviates recurrent priapism. Urology. 2006;67:1043–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chacrabarty A, Upadhyay J, Dhabuwala CB, Sarnaik S, Perlmutter AD, Connor JP. Priapism associated with sickle cell hemoglobinopathy in children: long-term effects on potency. J Urol. 1996;155:1419.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    El-Banasawy MS, Dawood A, Farouk A. Low flow priapism: risk factors for erectile dysfunction. BJU Int. 2002;89:285–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Gbadoe AD, Atakouma Y, Kusiaku K, Assimadi JK. Management of sickle cell priapism with etilefrine. Arch Dis Child. 2001;85:52–3.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kato GJ, McGowan V, McGowan V. Lactate dehydrogenase as a biomarker of hemolysis-associated nitric oxide resistance, priapism, leg ulceration, pulmonary hypertension, and death in patients with sickle cell disease. Blood. 2006;107(6):2279–85.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Liu J, Al-Hothari MA, Mahboob FA. Non-surgical treatment of recurrent or stuttering priapism in sickle cell children. Saudi Med J. 2003;24:1143–5.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mantadakis E, Ewalt DH, Cavender JD, Rogers ZR, Buchanam GR. Outpatient penile aspiration and epinephrine irrigation for young patients with sickle cell anemia and prolonged priapism. Blood. 2000;95:78–82.PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Maples BI, Hagemann TM. Treatment of priapism in pediatric patients with sickle cell disease. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2004;61:355–63.PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Miller ST, Rao SP, Dunn EK, Glassberg KI. Priapism in children with sickle cell disease. J Urol. 1995;154:844–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Rogers ZR. Priapism in sickle cell disease. Hematol Oncol Clin N Am. 2005;19:917.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Saad ST, Lajolo C, Gilli S, Marques Junior JF, Lima CS, Costa FF, et al. Follow-up of sickle cell disease patients with priapism treated by hydroxyurea. Am J Hematol. 2004;77:45–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Salem EA, ElAasser. Management of ischemic priapism by penile prosthesis insertion: prevention of distal erosion. J Urol. 2010;183:2300–3.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Siegel JF, Rich MA, Brock WA. Association of sickle cell disease, priapism, exchange transfusion and neurological events: ASPEN syndrome. J Urol. 1993;150:1480–2.PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Van der Horst C, Stuebinger H, Seif C, Melchior D, Martinez-Portillo FJ, Juenemann KP. Priapism: etiology, pathophysiology and management. Int Braz J Urol. 2003;29:391–400.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wen C, Munarriz R, Mcauley I, Goldstein I, Traish A, Kim N. Management of ischemic priapism with high-dose intracavernosal phenylephrine: from bench to bedside. J Sex Med. 2006;3(5):918–22.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmed H. Al-Salem
    • 1
  1. 1.Pediatric SurgeryAlSadik HospitalQatifSaudi Arabia

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