Hydronephrosis in Infants and Children

  • Ahmed H. Al-Salem


The word “hydro” represents “water” and “nephro” represents “kidney”.


Renal Pelvis Vesicoureteral Reflux Urethral Stricture Urinary Tract Obstruction Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Further Reading

  1. 1.
    Chung S, Majd M, Rushton HG, Belman AB. Diuretic renography in the evaluation of neonatal hydronephrosis: is it reliable? J Urol. 1993;150(2 Pt 2):765–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Coplen DE. Prenatal intervention for hydronephrosis. J Urol. 1997;157(6):2270–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Estrada CR, Peters CA, Retik AB, Nguyen HT. Vesicoureteral reflux and urinary tract infection in children with a history of prenatal hydronephrosis – should voiding cystourethrography be performed in cases of postnatally persistent grade II hydronephrosis? J Urol. 2009;181(2):801–6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gordon I. Diuretic renography in infants with prenatal unilateral hydronephrosis: an explanation for the controversy about poor drainage. BJU Int. 2001;87(6):551–5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gordon I, Dhillon HK, Gatanash H, Peters AM. Antenatal diagnosis of pelvic hydronephrosis: assessment of renal function and drainage as a guide to management. J Nucl Med. 1991;32(9):1649–54.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Grattan-Smith JD, Little SB, Jones RA. MR urography evaluation of obstructive uropathy. Pediatr Radiol. 2008;38 Suppl 1:S49–69.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Josephson S. Antenatally detected pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction: concerns about conservative management. BJU Int. 2000;85(7):973.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Koff SA. Postnatal management of antenatal hydronephrosis using an observational approach. Urology. 2000;55(5):609–11.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mamì C, Paolata A, Palmara A, et al. Outcome and management of isolated moderate renal pelvis dilatation detected at postnatal screening. Pediatr Nephrol. 2009;24(10):2005–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sidhu G, Beyene J, Rosenblum ND. Outcome of isolated antenatal hydronephrosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Pediatr Nephrol. 2006;21:218–24.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Taylor Jr A, Clark S, Ball T. Comparison of Tc-99 m MAG3 and Tc-99 m DTPA scintigraphy in neonates. Clin Nucl Med. 1994;19(7):575–80.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ulman I, Jayanthi VR, Koff SA. The long-term follow-up of newborns with severe unilateral hydronephrosis initially treated nonoperatively. J Urol. 2000;164(3 Suppl 1):787–9.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Woodward M, Frank D. Postnatal management of antenatal hydronephrosis. BJU Int. 2002;89(2):149–56.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmed H. Al-Salem
    • 1
  1. 1.Pediatric SurgeryAlSadik HospitalQatifSaudi Arabia

Personalised recommendations