Advertisement

Cloacal Exstrophy

  • Ahmed H. Al-Salem
Chapter

Abstract

Cloacal exstrophy is an extremely rare and major birth defect representing the severe end of the spectrum of the exstrophy-epispadias complex (Fig. 18.1).

Keywords

Short Bowel Syndrome Anorectal Malformation Horseshoe Kidney Imperforate Anus Urogenital Sinus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Further Reading

  1. 1.
    Lund DP, Hendren WH. Cloacal extrophy: experience with 20 cases. J Pediatr Surg. 1993;28:1360–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Manzoni GA, Ransley PG, Hurwitz RS. Cloacal extrophy and cloacal extrophy variants: a proposed system of classification. J Urol. 1987;138:1065–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ricketts RR, Woodard JR, Zwiren GT, Andrews HG, Broeker BH. Modern treatment of cloacal extrophy. J Pediatr Surg. 1991;26:444–50.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Stolar CJH, Randolph JG, Flanigan LP. Cloacal extrophy: individualized management through a staged surgical approach. J Pediatr Surg. 1990;25:505–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmed H. Al-Salem
    • 1
  1. 1.Pediatric SurgeryAlSadik HospitalQatifSaudi Arabia

Personalised recommendations