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Bladder Exstrophy-Epispadias Complex

  • Ahmed H. Al-Salem
Chapter

Abstract

Bladder exstrophy (also known as Ectopia vesicae) is a congenital anomaly that exists as part of the exstrophy-epispadias complex.

Keywords

Bladder Neck Clean Intermittent Catheterization Pelvic Osteotomy Bladder Augmentation Bladder Exstrophy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Further Reading

  1. 1. 
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    Gearhart JP, Leonard MP, Burgers JK, Jeffs RD. The Cantwell-Ransley technique for repair of epispadias. J Urol. 1992;148(3):851–4.PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Gearhart JP, Mathews R. Penile reconstruction combined with bladder closure in the management of classic bladder exstrophy: illustration of technique. Urology. 2000;55(5):764–70.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Mushtaq I, Garriboli M, Smeulders N, et al. Primary neonatal bladder exstrophy closure in neonates: challenging the traditions. J Urol. 2014;191(1):193–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Oesterling JE, Jeffs RD. The importance of a successful initial bladder closure in the surgical management of classical bladder exstrophy: analysis of 144 patients treated at the Johns Hopkins hospital between 1975 and 1985. J Urol. 1987;137(2):258–62.PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Suson KD, Preece J, Baradaran N, Di Carlo HN, Gearhart JP. The fate of the complete female epispadias and female exstrophy bladder—is there a difference? J Urol. 2013;190(4):1583–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Zaontz MR, Steckler RE, Shortliffe LMD, Kogan BA, Baskin L, Tekgul S. Multicenter experience with the Mitchell technique for epispadias repair. J Urol. 1998;160(1):172–6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmed H. Al-Salem
    • 1
  1. 1.Pediatric SurgeryAlSadik HospitalQatifSaudi Arabia

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