Nigeria

Chapter
Part of the The Urban Book Series book series (UBS)

Abstract

The challenges of urban transport in sub-Saharan Africa are daunting in that African urbanism creates challenges that are compound the inherent difficulty of managing urban transport anywhere. These include the limited ability of both households and government to pay for services and investments, the limited capacity of both public and private actors to manage and operate urban transport infrastructure, and the ongoing dominance of small-scale, informal provision of transport services in most urban contexts. These factors complicate an already inherently complex sector, where numerous stakeholders, competing objectives, high investment costs, complex interdependencies of land and labor markets, and unpredictable and hard-tomanage demand-supply interactions are ubiquitous challenges in developed and developing countries alike.

In Nigeria, however, the challenge of urban transport is made even more complex by distinct characteristics of the political economy of the nation, including the long-term dominance of the petroleum industry in the national economy, leading to long-term prevalence of distortionary energy subsidies, decline in the share of the manufacturing sector’s contribution to GDP at precisely the moment of burgeoning urban populations, a fundamental mismatch between geographic size of human settlements and the geographic reach of jurisdictional authority, and inconsistent and frequently counter-productive involvement of the Federal government in urban transport. These challenges have been compounded in recent years by security threats in urban environments. This chapter reviews these factors and their impact on urban transport in Nigeria.

References

  1. African Development Bank (2013) An infrastructure action plan for Nigeria—closing the infrastructure gap and accelerating economic transformation. African Development Bank, Tunis, p 80Google Scholar
  2. Alba C, Beimborn E (2005) Analysis of the effects of local street connectivity on arterial traffic. Center for Transport Studies, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, p 12Google Scholar
  3. ALG Transportation Infrastructure and Logistics (2013) Consultancy services for the extension of the strategic transport master plan and traffic demand model to cover the mega region: Technical Report on Data Collection, Lagos Metropolitan Area Transport Authority, p 124.Google Scholar
  4. All Progressives Congress (2015) The APC Manifesto. http://www.apcpressreleases.com/the-apc-manifesto/Last. Accessed 15 Apr 2015.
  5. Biliyamin IA, Abosede MBA (2012) Effects of congestion and travel time variability along Abuja—Keffi Corridor in Nigeria. Glob J Res Eng 12(3):9Google Scholar
  6. Centre for Public Policy Alternatives (2012). Nigeria: Fuel Subsidy, DFID, p 63.Google Scholar
  7. Chima CI (2012). Monitoring and modelling of urban land use in Abuja Nigeria, using geospatial information technologies. Doctor of Philosophy, Coventry University.Google Scholar
  8. Federal Government of Nigeria (2014) National automotive council measures to transform the Nigeria automotive industry and attract investment to the sector. Official Gazette Number 21, vol 101. Federal Government of Nigeria. Federal Government of Nigeria, Lagos, p 13.Google Scholar
  9. Garreau J (1991). Edge City: Life on the new frontier. Doubleday, New York.Google Scholar
  10. Global Road Safety Facility and Institute for Health Metrics (2014) Transport for health: the global burden of disease from motorized road transport. World Bank, Seattle, WA, p 39Google Scholar
  11. Gollin D, Jedwab R (2013) Urbanization with and without structural transformation. Society for Economic Dynamics annual meeting 2013. Society for Economic Dynamics, Seoul, Korea.Google Scholar
  12. Hanafi A (2015) Gunmen kill NURTW chief in Lagos. Punch. 12 Mar 2015, Lagos.Google Scholar
  13. Human Rights Watch (2008) Criminal politics: violence, “Godfathers” and corruption in Nigeria. Human Rights Watch Reports. vol 19, New York, p 125.Google Scholar
  14. Integrated Transport Planning Consultants (2014) Development of a bus route network for Lagos State. Lagos Metropolitan Area Transport Authority, LagosGoogle Scholar
  15. Kaenzig R (2013) Road transport sector. In: Cervigni R, Rogers JA, Dvorak I (eds) Assessing low-carbon development in Nigeria. World Bank, Washington, DC, p 425Google Scholar
  16. Kulash W, Anglin J (1990) Traditional neighborhood development: will the traffic work? American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, p 22Google Scholar
  17. Kumar A, Barrett F (2009) Stuck in traffic: urban transport in Africa. In: Foster V (ed) Africa infrastructure country diagnostic. World Bank, Washington, DC, p 85Google Scholar
  18. Lagos Metropolitan Area Transport Authority (2015). Lagos metropolitan area trip mode share numbers for 2012. R. Gorham.Google Scholar
  19. Leigh Fisher and FAO Consulting International (2015) Value of time and transport elasticity study for the megacity region. Lagos Metropolitan Area Transport Authority, Lagos, p 148Google Scholar
  20. Litwack J (2013) Nigeria Economic Report No. 1.Google Scholar
  21. MDS Consortium (2010) Lagos vehicular emission and air quality study. L. M. A. T. Authority. LAMATA, Lagos, p 104Google Scholar
  22. Mobereola D (2009) Lagos bus rapid transit: Africa’s first BRT scheme. Urban transport series. Washington, DC, SSATP. Paper No. 9, p 54.Google Scholar
  23. National Automotive Council (2014) Information document on the Nigerian automotive industry development plan Lagos. National Automotive Council, Abuja, p 28Google Scholar
  24. New Nigeria Foundation (2012) Socio-economic baseline survey of transportation from mile 12 to Ikorodu town (BRT Corridor). Lagos Metropolitan Area Transport Authority, Lagos, p 162Google Scholar
  25. Nigerian Federal Urban Mass Transit Agency (2001) Status report of Federal Urban Mass Transit Agency (FUMTA). F. D. o. Transport. Ministry of Transport, AbujaGoogle Scholar
  26. Nwachukwu AA (2014) Assessment of passenger satisfaction with intra-city public bus transport services in Abuja, Nigeria. J Public Transport 17(1):21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. People’s Democratic Party (2015) Manifesto of the People’s Democratic Party. http://peoplesdemocraticparty.com.ng/?page_id=72. Accessed 15 Apr 2015.
  28. SEEMS Nigeria LTD (2010) The assessment of emissions from road transport (Oshodi—Obalende via mile 2 and CMS BRT Corridor). Lagos Metropolitan Area Transport Authority, Lagos, p 101Google Scholar
  29. Tayo G, Elegbeleye A (2014) Social and psychological effects of the removal of fuel subsidy on the Nigerian family. Glob J Hum Soc Sci: E 14(1):7Google Scholar
  30. Udom E (2015) Oshodi crisis: Police, NURTW brace for a fight. Daily Independent. Ikeja Independent Newspapers Limited, LagosGoogle Scholar
  31. Wang HG (2015) Transport connectivity & urban mobility in Nigeria. Nigeria urbanization review. World Bank, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  32. World Bank (2016) Slum upgrading, involuntary resettlement, land and housing: lessons learned from the experience in Lagos. World Bank, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  33. World Health Organization (2013) Road safety in the WHO African region: the facts 2013. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  34. Zubair OA, Ojigi LM (2015) Urbanization: a catalyst for the emergence of squatter settlements and squalor in the vicinities of the federal capital city of Nigeria. J Sustain Dev 8(2):15CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The World BankWashington, DCUSA

Personalised recommendations