• Sujaya Rathi
Part of the The Urban Book Series book series (UBS)


Despite having a number of extremely large cities and rapid rates of urbanization, India is a predominantly rural country: its hundred most populated cities account for only 16 % of the total population (IIHS 2012). The driving forces of India’s urbanization are diverse and include natural population growth, rural-urban migration, and changes in municipal boundaries and area reclassification (Gogoi 2013; Gupta 2014). Recent estimates indicate that most Indian cities will double their population and built-up area by 2030, and quadruple their mobility demand (CSTEP and IUT 2014; McKinsey Global Institute 2010; Swamy 2012).


Public Transport Informal Settlement Indian City Urban Transport Central Pollution Control 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The author would like to express her gratitude to Ms. Anantha Lakshmi and Mr. Vivek Vaidyanathan who provided support, through discussions and valuable insight for this chapter. This work was supported by International Development Research Centre (IDRC) core grant.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Study of Science, Technology and Policy (CSTEP)BengaluruIndia

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