Unlike other countries at a similar income level, Russia’s urbanization rate plateaued more than two decades ago (Fig. 10.1). However, this does not imply a lack of dynamic. On the contrary, Russian cities have been undergoing critical economic, social, and demographic changes, which have produced new urban mobility needs and challenges. Since the breakup of the Soviet Union, the country has gone through a dramatic economic and political transition. Today, Russia’s socioeconomic model is characterized by a mixture of the new market economy and the institutional legacy of the Soviet era, including a large footprint of the state and a generous social contract. These idiosyncrasies of Russia’s model are also mirrored in the ways in which urban land is developed, infrastructure is built, and public services are provided.
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