Are the Days of Field-to-Laboratory Analysis Gone? Effects of Ubiquitous Environmental River Water Quality Assessment

  • K. B. Goodman Makojoa
  • Isaac O. OsunmakindeEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST, volume 171)


As the human population growth and industry pressure in most developing countries continue to increase, effective water quality assessment has become critical for river waters. A major challenge, however, faced in water quality assessment is the process of data capturing and chemical laboratory approaches, which could be expensive and time consuming. This work develops ubiquitous particle swarm optimization (PSO) made-easy framework for mobile networks. The framework experimentally assesses water health status of Southern Africa river waters. Simulation results show that the proposed framework is able to obtain good results with economical solution when compared with assessment results obtained by the state of the art.


Framework E-Services Environment Ubiquitous network PSO Water quality Fuzzy Developing country 



The authors gratefully acknowledge the resources made available by the University of South Africa and Lesotho Department of Waters Affairs for providing surface waters.


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Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. B. Goodman Makojoa
    • 1
  • Isaac O. Osunmakinde
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Computing, College of Science, Engineering and TechnologyUniversity of South AfricaPretoriaSouth Africa

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