An Evaluation of Fairness in China’s Current Social Welfare System

  • Jiangming JiEmail author
Part of the Perspectives on Sustainable Growth book series (POSG)


In this chapter, I review and reflect on the role of the social welfare system in the context of economic development. I begin by providing an overview of the development and reform of the social welfare system in various regions around the globe. Then, I focus on the development and reform of the social welfare system in the context of economic development in China. Specifically, I evaluate the fairness of the current social welfare development of China in four aspects, including the social security system development in rural areas, the coverage for migrant workers and marginalized groups, income redistribution mechanisms, and education and employment discrimination. Finally, I propose basic principles and safeguards that can ensure the sustainable development of the system from a social fairness perspective. The four principles are combining fairness and efficiency, ensuring the sustainability, prioritizing employment, and being led by the government and assisted by society, and several safeguards include increasing investments to education, establishing a comprehensive tax regulation system, eliminating disparate treatment of different social groups, and providing equal coverage of social security system in both urban and rural areas.


Social Welfare Migrant Worker Urban Resident Rural Resident Social Security System 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shanghai Administration InstituteShanghaiChina

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