Spinal Vascular Anatomy with Variations

  • Yi Jonathan Zhang
  • Sean Barber


The primitive neuraxis achieves nutrient and waste exchange via simple diffusion. Starting at approximately 4 weeks of gestation, with neural tube closure and acceleration of neural development, increasing metabolic demand exhausts diffusion capacity and stimulates formation of transverse metameric segmental (radiculomedullary) arteries that perfuse the developing spinal cord and nerve roots. These segmental vessels originate from the paired primitive dorsal and ventral aortae.


Segmental Artery Arterial Supply Venous Anatomy Anterior Spinal Artery Lumbar Vein 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryMethodist Neurological InstituteHoustonUSA

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