• Ian A. Kaminsky


Proper classification of pediatric vascular anomalies utilizing the ISSVA classification serves to remove misleading nomenclature and aide in reaching the proper diagnosis and subsequent therapy if indicated. Lymphatic malformations and venous malformations are the simple vascular malformations which are best treated with sclerotherapy. MRI and ultrasound are the primary imaging modalities to further evaluate these lesions after the initial clinical assessment, while ultrasound has the additional use as an excellent method to guide needle placement during intervention. The more commonly used sclerosing agents include: ethanol, sotradecol, doxycycline, and bleomycin. Drug concentrations, associated risks/adverse reactions, and recommendations are discussed.


Vascular Malformation Venous Malformation Infantile Hemangioma Lymphatic Malformation Multidisciplinary Team Approach 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of RadiologyTufts University, School of MedicineBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Interventional NeuroradiologyLahey Hospital & Medical CenterBurlingtonUSA

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