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Ecosystem-Based Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction: Costs and Benefits of Participatory Ecosystem Services Scenarios for Šumava National Park, Czech Republic

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Part of the Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research book series (NTHR, volume 42)

Abstract

The aim of the study was to analyse economic costs and benefits of stakeholder-defined adaptation scenarios for the Šumava National Park, the Czech Republic, and to evaluate their impact on the provision of ecosystem services, primarily focusing on ecosystem-based adaptation options which support disaster risk reduction in a broader region. The study utilised an array of approaches, including participatory scenario building, GIS modelling and economic evaluation. Based on a participatory input by local stakeholders, four adaptation scenarios were created, formulating various possibilities of future development in the area as well as potential vulnerabilities and adaptation needs. The scenarios subsequently served as the basis for biophysical modelling of the impacts of adaptation and disaster risk reduction measures on the provision of ecosystem services with the InVEST modelling suite, focusing on climate regulation, water quality and hydropower production. Finally, a cost-benefit analysis was conducted, quantifying management and investment costs of each adaptation scenario, and benefits originating from the provision of previously modelled regulating ecosystem services, together with a supplementary selection of provisioning services. This study serves as an example of combining stakeholder views, biophysical modelling and economic valuation in the cost-benefit analysis of ecosystem-based adaptation and disaster risk reduction, which provides the opportunity to find shared solutions for the adaptation of social-ecological systems to global change.

Keywords

Climate change Ecosystem-based adaptation Participatory scenarios Ecosystem services Cost-benefit analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme under Grant Agreement No. 308337 (Project BASE). The text reflects only the authors’ views and the EU is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Human Dimensions of Global ChangeGlobal Change Research Centre, Academy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicBrnoCzech Republic
  2. 2.Faculty of HumanitiesCharles UniversityPragueCzech Republic

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