Changes in Demographic Behaviour: Possible Use of Its Findings in Didactic Practice

  • Jozef MládekEmail author
  • Marcela Káčerová
  • Dagmar Popjaková
  • Michal Vančura


Changes of demographic behaviour have received a lot of attention from several scientific disciplines, and they are also a strong focus of social practices. Since the 1970s of the twentieth century, the changes in demographic behaviour of population have been reflected in the countries of Western and Northern Europe; later they were identified in Central, Eastern and Southern Europe. These changes are associated with the second demographic transition and are principally reflected in three areas: (1) In the area of reproduction behaviour, we see a decrease of birth rate intensity, fertility and reproduction. (2) At the same time, the process of population ageing takes place, i.e. the number and proportion of seniors is growing. (3) Big changes take place in the area of family behaviour. The contribution contains an analysis of changes of demographic behaviour of European populations, with a special focus on the Czech, Slovak and other Central European population. This theme might be interesting and attractive already for children of primary schools. The contribution intends to help teachers to make the teaching of appropriate topics on geography lessons more attractive. It, namely, intends to guide pupils to actively participate in research and to guide them to investigate, recognise, evaluate and present demographic knowledge.


Demographic behaviour Second demographic transition Reproduction behaviour Population ageing Family behaviour European population Theory of civilisation waves 

Supplementary material


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jozef Mládek
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marcela Káčerová
    • 2
  • Dagmar Popjaková
    • 1
  • Michal Vančura
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Education, Department of GeographyUniversity of South Bohemia in České BudějoviceČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic
  2. 2.Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Human Geography and DemographyComenius University in BratislavaBratislavaSlovak Republic

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