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From Normal Development to Developmental Crisis and Regulatory Disorder

  • Marisa BenzEmail author
  • Kerstin Scholtes-Spang
Chapter

Abstract

Depending on their internal and external developmental and maturation processes, a person is constantly confronted with new tasks and challenges over the course of their life. Coping with these challenges causes modifications and thus contributes to personality stabilization. Both the adaptation process and its outcome can vary widely from individual to individual.

Readapting to and coping with developmental tasks can cause a temporary destabilization of the state attained thus far, as well as heightened insecurity. A state of this kind fulfills the criteria for a state of crisis. Crises such as these that repeat themselves throughout the course of a life are part of the normal developmental process. Early childhood regulatory disorders can be seen as extreme variants in ways of coping with age-typical crises. They are distinct from normal developmental crises in that they last longer in conjunction with existing stressors and may extend to other areas of development. Accomplishing the developmental tasks at hand together under such circumstances is not possible, and the result is almost always impairment to infant self-regulation and to the parent–infant relationship.

Keywords

Normal psychological development Self-regulation Normal developmental crisis Childhood regulatory disorder Parent–child communication 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Florida State UniversityTallahasseeUSA
  2. 2.Institute for Psychosocial PreventionUniversity Hospital HeidelbergHeidelbergGermany

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