Risk Assessment in Cardiac and Noncardiac Surgery in Older Patients

  • Alessandra Pratesi
  • Samuele Baldasseroni
  • Iacopo OlivottoEmail author


Over the past 20 years, the number of older people undergoing surgery has increased exponentially, with projections suggesting that close to 50 % of the surgical activity in the USA will focus on the elderly population within the next few years [1]. This will unavoidably result in an increase prevalence of elderly patients evaluated preoperatively for different surgical indications [2], due to the increase in average length of life, improvement in surgical and anesthetic techniques, and significant reduction in intra- and perioperative mortality and morbidity [3, 4]. Despite these remarkable significant improvements, surgical risk, perioperative complications, mortality, and severe disability remain significantly higher in the elderly as compared to younger surgical candidates [5].


Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Aortic Valve Replacement Gait Speed Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment Noncardiac Surgery 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alessandra Pratesi
    • 1
  • Samuele Baldasseroni
    • 2
  • Iacopo Olivotto
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Experimental and Clinical MedicineUniversity of FlorenceFlorenceItaly
  2. 2.Careggi University HospitalFlorenceItaly
  3. 3.Careggi University HospitalFlorenceItaly

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