Chapter 11: Russia’s Security-Related Decision-Making: The Case of Crimea
- 423 Downloads
In the context of the ongoing debate over the relative importance of personalist and institutionalized arrangements in contemporary Russian policy-making, an analysis is undertaken of the Russian decision to annex Crimea. The findings, while necessarily tentative, are that, while the specific decision was probably taken within a small group of officials with close personal links to the president, those officials themselves represent significant policy institutions. Additionally, decision makers had access to a range of information sources on the potential implications of the annexation decision. However, while the presence of institutional arrangements with moderating potential should not be ignored, it is suggested that they are weaker here than in less security-related areas of Russian politics.
KeywordsForeign Policy Security Council Security Agency Military Expenditure Permanent Member
- Butrin, D. (2015, September 8). Sovet bezopasnosti i on. Kommersant. http://www.kommersant.ru/doc/2805251/. Accessed 8 September 2015.
- Cooper, J. (nd). Reviewing Russian strategic planning: the emergence of Strategy 2020. NDC Research Review. NATO Defense College.Google Scholar
- Dneprov, B. (2015, December 28). V kakikh “palatakh” formiruetsia antiukrainskaia strategiia Kremlia, VectorNews. vnews.agency/exclusive/24443-v-kakih-palatah-formiruetsya-antiukrainskaya-strategiya-kremlya.html. Accessed 4 January 2016.Google Scholar
- Fortescue, S. (2006). Business-state negotiations and the reform of tax procedures in post-Yukos Russia. Law in Context, 24(2), 36–59.Google Scholar
- Fortescue, S. (2010b). Russia’s SWFs: controlled by a domestic agenda. In: X. Yi-Chong & G. Bahgat (Eds.), The political economy of Sovereign wealth funds. Basingstoke: Palgrave.Google Scholar
- Fortescue, S. (2012). The policymaking process in Putin’s prime ministership. In: L. Jonson & S. White (Eds.), Waiting for reform under Putin and Medvedev. Basingstoke: Palgrave.Google Scholar
- Fortescue, S. (2014). The BRICS and Russia. In: V. Io Lo & M. Hiscock (Eds.), The rise of the BRICS in the global political economy: changing paradigms? Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
- Fortescue, S. (2015, June 15). Russia’s “turn to the East”: a study in policy making. Post-Soviet Affairs. doi: 10.1080/1060586X.2015.1051750.
- Gaaze, K. (2014, September 1). Poker dlia odnogo. Novoe vremia. http://www.newtimes.ru/articles/print/86540/. Accessed 15 September 2014.
- Gabuev, A., Mel’nikov, K., Surnacheva, E. (2013, December 23). Konfliktov net na samom del. Kommersant. http://www.kommersant.ru/doc/2370046. Accessed 23 December 2013.
- Galeotii, M. (2015, October 12). Putin’s spies and security men: his strongest allies, his greatest weakness. Russian Analytical Digest, No.173.Google Scholar
- Hill, D. (2001, August 2). Russia: analyst ponders reasons for Luzhkov’s Crimea comments, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. rferl.org/content/article/1097079.html. Accessed 23 November 2015.Google Scholar
- Kates, G. (2014, April 24). The online debate over a mysterious Russian “medal”. Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. http://www.rferl.org/content/the-online-debate-over-a-mysterious-russian-medal/25361367.html. Accessed 4 February 2016.
- Kondrashov, A. (2015, March 16). Crimea. Path to the Motherland (film). Announcement. Ukraine Hot News. youtube.com/watch?v=x_NQIUukfcI. Accessed 23 November 2015.
- Kramer, M. (2014, March 19). Why did Russia give away Crimea sixty years ago? Cold War International History Project, e-dossier No.47. Washington, DC: Wilson Center. https://www.wilsoncenter.org/publication/why-did-russia-give-away-crimea-sixty-years-ago. Accessed 23 November 2015.
- Levinson, A. (2015, July 28). Public opinion and propaganda in Russia, European Council on Foreign Relations. ecfr.eu/article/commentary_public_opinion_and_propaganda_in_russia3080. Accessed 4 January 2016.Google Scholar
- Malloy, S. L. (2008). Atomic tragedy: Henry L. Stimson and the decision to use the bomb against Japan. Ithaca and New York: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
- Minchenko Consulting. (2014, October 22). “Politbiuro 2.0” i postkrymskaia Rossiia. minchenko.ru/netcat_files/File/Politburo%20October%202014.pdf. Accessed 13 April 2015.Google Scholar
- Monaghan, A. (2014). Defibrillating the Vertikal? Putin and Russian grand strategy. London: Chatham House Research Paper.Google Scholar
- Polozhenie o Sovete Bezopasnosti Rossiiskoi Federatsii. (2011, May 6). Ukaz Prezidenta Rossiiskoi Federatsii, Voprosy Soveta Bezopasnosti Rossiiskoi Federatsii, No. 590, Rossiiskaia gazeta, 10 May.Google Scholar
- Renz, B. (2012). The Russian power ministries and security services. In: G. Gill & J. Young (Eds.), Routledge handbook of Russian politics and society. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Sherr, J. (2015). The new East-West discord. Russian objectives, Western interests, Clingendael Report. Netherlands Institute of International Relations.Google Scholar
- Shul’man, E. (2015, February 16). Verkhovenstvo prava: rol’ lichnosti. Vedomosti http://www.vedomosti.ru/newspaper/article/844411/rol-lichnosti. Accessed 16 February 2015.
- Stanovaia, T. (2016). Kak Sovet Bezopasnosti zamenil v Rossii pravitel’stvo. Moskovskii tsentr Karnegi. carnegie.ru/commentary/2016/01/28/ru-62605/it9z. Accessed 9 February 2016.Google Scholar
- Surnacheva, E. (2014, May 10). Kak kovalas’ pobeda v Krymu i pomogala li Rossiia provedeniiu. Slon.ru. slon.ru/Russia/kak_kovalas_pobeda_v_krymu-1095637.xhtml. Accessed 23 November 2015.Google Scholar
- Putin, V. (2008, April 2). Speech at NATO summit (Bucharest, 2008). http://www.unian.info/world/111033-text-of-putins-speech-at-nato-summit-bucharest-april-2-2008.html. Accessed 23 November 2015.
- Valenta, J. (1979). Soviet intervention in Czechoslovakia, 1968. Anatomy of a decision. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
- Vendil Pallin, C. (2009). Russian military reform. A failed exercise in defence decision making. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Ven Bruusgaard, K. (2014). Crimea and Russia’s strategic overhaul. Parameters, 44(3), 81–90.Google Scholar
- Zygar’, M. (2016). Vse kremlevskaia rat’. Kratkaia istoriia sovremennoi Rossii. Moscow: Intellektual’naia literatura.Google Scholar