Values and Bioethics
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Human beings are only morally responsible for their planned actions. Deliberation is the process that they have to carry out in order to mature their projects and make sound, reasonable, responsible and prudent decisions. And because all human projects include three aspects, the cognitive, the emotional and the operational or practical, deliberation will also proceed in three steps. First of all we must discuss the facts, reducing uncertainty in this regard, within reasonable limits. We then have to identify the values that are at stake, and the value conflicts that thus arise. And finally, it will be necessary, once a conflict of value has been selected from those that have been identified, to make explicit not only the extreme courses of action but also the intermediate courses, in order to choose from among them the optimal one, which will always be the one that to the greatest extent promotes, or to the least extent harms the values at stake.
KeywordsHuman Mind Human Species Moral Decision Monetary Unit Scientific Fact
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