Advertisement

The Gifts of Wisdom: Images of the Feminine in Buddhism and Christianity

  • Morny JoyEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Sophia Studies in Cross-cultural Philosophy of Traditions and Cultures book series (SCPT, volume 17)

Abstract

In the final Chapter Morny Joy evaluates the contemporary appeal to the ideal of wisdom as a category that inspires two contemporary women scholars in Catholicism and Tibetan Buddhism. In both instances wisdom has been appreciated as affiliated with “feminine” aspects, though not in any absolute sense. It is a bounteous gift. Joy considers the implications of this evocation, given the many debates in the past 20 years among women scholars as to constructivism and essentialism, nostalgia and innovation. “Wisdom” in this context serves as a key to examine in detail developments and prospects for women and disparate gendered attributes that they both claim and reject.

Keywords

Interpretation Manifestation Wisdom Compassion Enlightenment Bounteous Non-dual nature Relationship Autonomy Gift Prajñā Sophia Liberatory figure Justice Oppressive systems 

References

  1. Allione, Tsultrim. 1984. Women of wisdom. London: Akana.Google Scholar
  2. Anderson, Pamela Sue. 1997. A feminist philosophy of religion: The rationality and myths of religious belief. Oxford/Malden: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  3. Biernacki, Loriliai. 2007. Renowned goddess of desire: Women, sex and speech in Tantra. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Boff, Leonardo. 1987. Passion of Christ, passion of the world. Maryknoll: Orbis.Google Scholar
  5. Cixous, Hélène. 1991. The Book of Promethea. Trans. Betsy Wing. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.Google Scholar
  6. Conze, Edward. 1975. The perfection of wisdom in eight thousand lines and its verse summary. Bolinas: Four Seasons Foundation.Google Scholar
  7. Conze, Edward. 1978. The Prajñāpāramita literature. Tokyo: The Reiyukai.Google Scholar
  8. Diemberger, Hildegard. 2007. When a woman becomes a religious dynasty: The Samding Dorje Phagmo of Tibet. New York: Columbia University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dowman, Keith. 1984. Sky dancer: The secret life and songs of the lady Yeshe Tsogyel. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  10. Fiorenza, Elisabeth Schüssler. 1985. In memory of her. New York: Crossroad.Google Scholar
  11. Fox-Genovese, Elizabeth. 1991. Feminism without illusions. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.Google Scholar
  12. Gatens, Moira. 1996. Imaginary bodies. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  13. Gilligan, Carol. 1982. In a different voice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Good, Deidree. 1987. Reconstructing the tradition of Sophia in Gnostic literature. Atlanta: Scholars Press.Google Scholar
  15. Gross, Rita. 1993. Buddhism after patriarchy. Albany: SUNY Press.Google Scholar
  16. Halkes, Catharina. 1992. New creation: Christian feminism and the renewal of the Earth. Trans. Catherine Romanik. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press.Google Scholar
  17. Hopkins, Jeffrey. 1983. Meditation on emptiness. London: Wisdom Publications.Google Scholar
  18. Huntingdon, C.W. (with Geshe Namgyal Wangchan). 1989. The emptiness of emptiness: An introduction to early Indian Mādhyamika. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.Google Scholar
  19. Irigaray, Luce. 1996. I love to you: Sketch of a possible felicity in history. Trans. Alison Martin. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  20. Jantzen, Grace. 1999. Becoming divine: Towards a feminist philosophy of religion. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Johnson, Elizabeth A. 1992. She Who is: The mystery of God in feminist theological discourse. New York: Crossroad.Google Scholar
  22. Joy, Morny. 2006. Gender and religion: A volatile mixture. Temenos 42(1): 7–30.Google Scholar
  23. Klein, Anne Carolyn. 1985. Nondualism and the Great Bliss Queen: A study in Tibetan Buddhist ontology and symbolism. Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion 1(1): 73–98.Google Scholar
  24. Klein, Anne Carolyn. 1994. Path to the middle: Oral Madhyamika philosophy in Tibet. Trans. and ed. Anne C. Klein. Albany: SUNY Press.Google Scholar
  25. Klein, Anne Carolyn. 1995. Meeting the great bliss queen: Buddhists, feminists, and the art of the self. Boston: Beacon.Google Scholar
  26. Mack, Burton. 1973. Logos und Sophia. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.Google Scholar
  27. Macy, Joanna Rodgers. 1977. Perfection of wisdom: Mother of all Buddhas. In Beyond androcentrism, ed. R. Gross. Missoula: Scholars Press.Google Scholar
  28. Orr, Catherine, Ann Briathwaite, and Diane Lichenstein (eds.). 2012. Rethinking women’s and gender studies. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  29. Perkins, Pheme. 1988. Sophia as goddess in the Nag Hammadi Codices. In Images of the feminine in Gnosticism. Philadelphia: Fortress.Google Scholar
  30. Plaskow, Judith. 1991. Standing again at Sinai. San Francisco: Harpers.Google Scholar
  31. por Ñan-ral Ñi-ma-ʼod-zer, Padma Sambhava, Sans-rgyas-glin-pa, Gter-ston, Ye-shes-mtsho-rgyal, and Erik Pema Kunsang. 1991. Dakini Teachings: Padmasambhava’s oral instructions to Lady Tsogyal. Trans. Erik Pema Kunsang. Hong Kong: Rangjung Yeshe Publications.Google Scholar
  32. Ricoeur, Paul. 1992. Oneself as another. Trans. Kathleen Blamey. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  33. Ruether, Rosemary. 1977. Mary the feminine face of the church. Philadelphia: Westminister.Google Scholar
  34. Ruether, Rosemary. 1983. Sexism and God-talk: Toward a feminist theology. Boston: Beacon.Google Scholar
  35. Schillebeeckx, Edward, and Catherine Halkes. 1993. Mary yesterday, today and tomorrow. London: SCM.Google Scholar
  36. Schüssler Fiorenza, Elisabeth. 1983. In memory of her. New York: Crossroad.Google Scholar
  37. Shaw, Miranda. 1994. Passionate enlightenment: Women in tantric Buddhism. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  38. Simmer-Brown, Judith. 2001. Dakini’s warm breath: The feminine principle in Tibetan Buddhism. Boston: Shambala.Google Scholar
  39. Snellgrove, D.L. 1959. The hevajra tantra: A critical study. London: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  40. Soskice, Janet Martin. 2007. The kindness of God: Metaphor, gender, and religious language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  41. Streng, Frederick. 1967. Emptiness: A study in religious meaning. Nashville: Abingdon.Google Scholar
  42. von Rad, Gerhard. 1972. Wisdom in Israel. Nashville: Abingdon.Google Scholar
  43. Wainwright, Elaine. 1991. Towards a feminist critical reading of the gospel according to St. Matthew. Berlin: de Gruyter.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Wainwright, Elaine. 1994. Wisdom justified by Her Deeds: Claiming the Jesus Myth. In Claiming our rites, ed. Morny Joy and Penny Magee. Adelaide: Australian Association for the Study of Religion.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Classics and ReligionUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada

Personalised recommendations