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Assessment of Oocyte Quality

  • Basak BalabanEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Assessment of oocyte morphology and determination of its correlation with quality/viability and the clinical outcome are difficult tasks, since the underlying mechanisms that change the appearance are multifactorial and complex. More than half of the oocytes collected can contain at least one morphological abnormality, and this may be correlated with the asynchrony between nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation of the MII oocyte which plays an important role on its viability and the clinical outcome. Morphological variations of the oocytes may also result from other intrinsic factors such as age and genetic defects or extrinsic factors such as stimulation protocols, culture conditions, and nutrition. Conflicting results are published in the literature regarding the effect of morphological variations of the oocyte on embryo development and implantation. This chapter will review the correlation of morphological abnormalities of the MII oocyte and the clinical outcome and the effect on genetic disorders, discuss the predictive value of specific abnormalities, and examine whether any of these parameters can be utilized in all the scoring systems applied in in vitro fertilization (IVF) laboratories.

Keywords

Oocyte quality Oocyte morphology Cytoplasmic abnormalities Extracytoplasmic abnormalities Dysmorphic zona pellucida First polar body morphology Perivitelline space abnormalities Smooth endoplasmic reticulum clusters (sERCs) Cytoplasmic vacuoles Refractile bodies 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.VKE American Hospital of Istanbul, Assisted Reproduction UnitIstanbulTurkey

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