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Journey of Human Gametes In Vitro: 1978 to 2018

  • Yuval Or
  • Shir Dar
  • Zeev ShohamEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The history of in vitro fertilization (IVF) and embryo transfer (ET) dates back as early as the 1890s when Walter Heape, a professor and physician at the University of Cambridge, England, who had been conducting research on reproduction in a number of animal species, reported the first known case of embryo transplantation in rabbits, long before the applications to human fertility were even suggested.

The field of IVF has developed dramatically during the last 30 years, and what was considered to be a miracle has become a common practice around the world. The field is still being developed in multiple directions to find solutions for couples who are infertile, those wishing to conceive at an older age, and those needing to delay pregnancy for medical reasons.

We can expect further developments in the drug development, reduce the difficulties involved in stimulation of the ovaries moving into natural cycles, and obviously find a way to define the best embryo for replacement which might give the patients the highest chance to become pregnant.

Keywords

Human gametes In vitro fertilization IVF Embryo transfer History 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The IVF, Infertility and Reproductive Medicine Unit, Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyKaplan Medical CenterRehovotIsrael

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