Developing Extended Real and Virtual Robotics Enhancement Classes with Years 10–13

  • Peter Samuels
  • Sheila Poppa
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 457)


There is growing evidence of the potential of educational robotics to enhance science, technology, engineering and mathematics education provided that they are deployed carefully. This paper describes a developmental research project between a university and a secondary school in the UK to develop extended robotics enhancement classes, mainly using LEGO MINDSTORMS robotic kits, and GeoGebra, which was used to animate virtual robots. Two styles of class were deployed: student-led project creations and facilitator-led challenges. The pedagogical principles underpinning these classes and their design are discussed. Feedback generally indicated that the classes were successful and appreciated by the students but they experienced difficulties in incorporating the virtual robotic element. Lessons learnt from the project, including the development of employability skills, the potential impact on students with autism, and the effective use of peer students, are discussed. The possibility of combining the two styles of class together is proposed.


Developmental research Learning by design STEM education Robotic kits LEGO MINDSTORMS Virtual robotics Geogebra Employability skills 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Academic SuccessBirmingham City UniversityBirminghamUK
  2. 2.Lawrence Sheriff SchoolRugbyUK

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