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Regional Systems

  • Satoshi Kogure
  • A.S. Ganeshan
  • Oliver Montenbruck
Part of the Springer Handbooks book series (SHB)

Zusammenfassung

Other than global positioning system (GPS ), Russian global navigation satellite system (GLONASS ), BeiDou, and Galileo, the regional navigation satellite systems (RNSS ) aim to provide a regional service using a constellation of satellites in geostationary Earth orbits (GEO ) and inclined geosynchronous orbits (IGSO ). Two regional systems implemented in Asia will be introduced in this chapter.

The first one is the Japanese Quasi-Zenith Satellite System (QZSS ), which was originally planned as an augmentation system to enhance GPS capability and performance in the area surrounding Japan. The other is the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS , also known as NavIC for Navigation with Indian Constellation), which can provide an independent positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT ) service over India and surrounding areas.

In this chapter, the concept of regional navigation satellite systems is first described. The combination of satellites in GEO and IGSO is a common idea to realize such a regional service platform with a low number of satellites. The orbital characteristics and geometry of the proposed RNSS constellations are explained before each RNSS is introduced in detail. Secondly, the detailed characteristics of both systems are described in the following sections. The system architecture, service provision including navigation signal properties and service performance to be provided, as well as the deployment plan or schedule are mentioned for each system. Additionally, initial demonstration results are presented.

Keywords

Global Position System Global Navigation Satellite System Global Navigation Satellite System Precise Orbit Determination Restricted Service 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
ADEV

Allan deviation

AOCS

attitude and orbit control system

BOC

binary offset carrier

BPSK

binary phase-shift keying

CDMA

code division multiple access

CNAV

civil navigation message

CORS

continuously operating reference station

CRC

cyclic redundancy check

CSK

code shift keying

DLR

Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt

DOP

dilution of precision

EKF

extended Kalman filter

FEC

forward error correction

GEO

geostationary Earth orbit

GLONASS

Global’naya Navigatsionnaya Sputnikova Sistema (Russian Global Navigation Satellite System)

GNSS

global navigation satellite system

GPS

Global Positioning System

GPST

GPS Time

ICD

interface control document

IGS

International GNSS Service

IGSO

inclined geo-synchronous orbit

IRNSS

Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System

ITU

International Telecommunication Union

JAXA

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency

LNAV

legacy navigation message

MCS

master control station

MEO

medium Earth orbit

MSAS

Multi-Function Satellite Augmentation System

MS

monitoring station

NAQU

notice advisory to QZSS users

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

OWCP

one-way carrier-phase technique

PDOP

position dilution of precision

PNT

positioning, navigation and timing

POD

precise orbit determination

PPP

precise point positioning

PRN

pseudo-random noise

QZSS

Quasi-Zenith Satellite System

RAAN

right ascension of ascending node

RAFS

rubidium atomic frequency standard

RDSS

radio determination satellite service

RF

radio frequency

RMS

root mean square

RNSS

regional navigation satellite system

RTCM

Radio Technical Commission for Maritime Services

SBAS

satellite-based augmentation system

SISRE

signal-in-space range error

SLR

satellite laser ranging

SPS

standard positioning service

TAI

International Atomic Time

TLM

telemetry (word)

TT&C

telemetry, tracking, and commanding

TWSTFT

two-way satellite time and frequency transfer

TWTA

traveling wave tube amplifier

UERE

user equivalent range error

USNO

United States Naval Observatory

UTC

Coordinated Universal Time

WGS

World Geodetic System

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Satoshi Kogure
    • 1
  • A.S. Ganeshan
    • 2
  • Oliver Montenbruck
    • 3
  1. 1.QZSS Strategy OfficeNational Space Policy Secretariat, Cabinet OfficeTokyoJapan
  2. 2.ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC)Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)BangaloreIndia
  3. 3.German Aerospace Center (DLR)WesslingGermany

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