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Zusammenfassung

This chapter introduces the BeiDou (COMPASS) Navigation Satellite System from its early stage as a demonstration system to its evolution to a global system. First, the development strategy and basic principle of BeiDou Demonstration System are reviewed. Its basic performance is given in details. Second, the basic information of BeiDou (regional) system including constellation, frequency, coordinate reference system, and time datum is described. Its initial performance is evaluated by using single-point positioning, code and carrier phase differential positioning. Some application examples are introduced. Third, the BeiDou (Global) Navigation Satellite System (GlossaryTerm

BDS

) is described. Position dilution of precision is analyzed and BeiDou’s contribution is summarized. At last, Chinese Area Positioning System is briefly introduced.

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Abbreviations

ADEV:

Allan deviation

BCH:

Bose–Chaudhuri–Hocquenghem (code)

BDS:

BeiDou Navigation Satellite System

BDT:

BeiDou time

BIH:

Bureau International de l’Heure

BIPM:

Bureau International des Poids et Mesures

CAPS:

Chinese Area Positioning System

CGCS:

China Geodetic Coordinate System

CS:

control segment

CTP:

conventional terrestrial pole

DOP:

dilution of precision

ECEF:

Earth-centered Earth-fixed

GEO:

geostationary Earth orbit

GIVE:

grid ionospheric vertical error

GNSS:

global navigation satellite system

GPS:

Global Positioning System

HDOP:

horizontal dilution of precision

ICD:

interface control document

IERS:

International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service

IGSO:

inclined geo-synchronous orbit

IRM:

IERS reference meridian

IRNSS:

Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System

IRP:

international reference pole

ITRS:

International Terrestrial Reference System

ITU:

International Telecommunication Union

LRA:

laser retro-reflector array

LTT:

laser time transfer

MC:

master clock

MCS:

master control station

MEO:

medium Earth orbit

NH:

Neuman-Hofman (code)

OCS:

operational control system

OS:

Open Service

PDOP:

position dilution of precision

PNT:

positioning, navigation and timing

PRN:

pseudo-random noise

QPSK:

quadrature phase-shift keying

QZSS:

Quasi-Zenith Satellite System

RAFS:

rubidium atomic frequency standard

RDSS:

radio determination satellite service

RNSS:

radio navigation satellite service

SBAS:

satellite-based augmentation system

SISRE:

signal-in-space range error

SPAD:

single photon avalanche diode

TT&C:

telemetry, tracking, and commanding

TWSTFT:

two-way satellite time and frequency transfer

TWTA:

traveling wave tube amplifier

UDRE:

user differential range error

UTC:

Coordinated Universal Time

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Acknowledgements

The authors are indebted to Dr. Li LIU, Dr. Zhiwu CAI, Ms. Jinxian ZHAO, and Ms. Xia GE of Beijing Satellite Navigation Center for their valuable assistance.

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Yang, Y., Tang, J., Montenbruck, O. (2017). Chinese Navigation Satellite Systems. In: Teunissen, P.J., Montenbruck, O. (eds) Springer Handbook of Global Navigation Satellite Systems. Springer Handbooks. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-42928-1_10

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