Chapter

Migration, Risk Management and Climate Change: Evidence and Policy Responses

Volume 6 of the series Global Migration Issues pp 87-103

Date:

Household Adaptation Strategies to Climate Extremes Impacts and Population Dynamics: Case Study from the Czech Republic

  • Robert StojanovAffiliated withFaculty of Business and Economics, Department of Informatics, Mendel University in Brno Email author 
  • , Barbora DužíAffiliated withDepartment of Environmental Geography, Institute of Geonics of the CAS
  • , Ilan KelmanAffiliated withUniversity College LondonUniversity of Agder
  • , Daniel NěmecAffiliated withFaculty of Economics and Administration, Department of Economics, Masaryk University
  • , David ProcházkaAffiliated withFaculty of Business and Economics, Department of Informatics, Mendel University in Brno

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Abstract

This chapter deals with the state of household adaptation strategies in a region frequently affected by climate extremes, specifically floods occurred from 1997 to 2012 in selected rural municipalities in the Bečva river basin in the North-Eastern part of the Czech Republic. We used quantitative methods, based on a survey of 605 households to find out ways of adaptation measures of household members, including potential for migration. The first, we found increased intensity and frequency of the impacts of climate extremes in the form of floods over the last two decades. Further, we recognized various responses to these extreme events applied by household, mainly some adaptation strategies outside houses, although our findings showed that households tend to repair damage instead of implementing costly adaptation measures. Our research also revealed that migration due to climate extremes did not play a significant role as an adaptation measure in the researched area, people moved out only in a few cases. In addition, our research showed a link between difficulty to migrate and some social consequences, meaning that the increasing occurrence of floods is a fairly serious problem for residents who cannot leave, even if they want to, because they had limited opportunities for resettlement. Nevertheless, we recognized commuting for work as a population dynamics adaptation strategy.

Keywords

Climate extremes impacts Floods Adaptation measures Czech Republic Population dynamics