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Vascular Malformation

  • John C. FlickingerEmail author
  • Hideyuki Kano
  • L. Dade Lunsford
Chapter

Abstract

Intracranial arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) and cavernous malformations are vascular malformations with risks of hemorrhage and subsequent morbidity which may vary by histology, location, history of prior hemorrhage, and, in the case of AVM, anatomical features such as number and pattern of draining veins. Management options include observation, surgical resection, and, in the case of AVM, embolization. This chapter reviews the natural history with risks of hemorrhage for these vascular malformations and reviews optimal management, particularly with radiosurgery.

Keywords

Radiosurgery Arteriovenous malformations Cavernous malformations Radiation injury 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • John C. Flickinger
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hideyuki Kano
    • 2
  • L. Dade Lunsford
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Radiation Oncology, UPMC Presbyterian-Shadyside HospitalUniversity of Pittsburgh School of MedicinePittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Department of Neurological SurgeryUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

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