Advertisement

Introduction: Overview of the Basal Ganglia and Structure of the Volume

  • Jean-Jacques SoghomonianEmail author
  • Vinoth Jagaroo
Chapter
Part of the Innovations in Cognitive Neuroscience book series (Innovations Cogn.Neuroscience)

Abstract

This introductory chapter lays the context for this volume as well as the many themes covered by the volume. A synopsis of the functional anatomic organization of the basal ganglia is given, including its structures, divisions, major nuclei, and excitatory and inhibitory circuitry. The anatomic nomenclature commonly associated with the basal ganglia is systematically explained. The major input and output structures and the computational architecture of the basal ganglia that are laid out, help set the stage for many of the topics covered by the volume. The chapter also describes the structure of the volume – the thematic grouping of chapters, and the topic of each chapter.

Keywords

Basal Ganglion Globus Pallidus Ventral Striatum Subthalamic Nucleus Globus Pallidus Internus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Alexander GE, Crutcher MD (1990) Functional architecture of basal ganglia circuits: neural substrates of parallel processing. Trends Neurosci 13(7):266–271CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Fujiyama FS, Takahashi S, Karube F (2015) Morphological elucidation of basal ganglia circuits contributing reward prediction. Front Neurosci 9(6):1–8Google Scholar
  3. Graybiel AM, Ragsdale CW (1978) Histochemically distinct compartments in the striatum of human, monkeys, and cat demonstrated by acetylthiocholinesterase staining. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 75(11):5723–5726CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Heimer L, Wilson RD (1975) The subcortical projections of the allocortex: similarities in the neural associations of the hippocampus, the piriform cortex, and the neocortex. In: Santini M (ed) Golgi centennial symposium: perspectives in neurobiology. Raven Press, New York, pp 177–193Google Scholar
  5. Middleton FA, Strick PL (2002) Basal-ganglia ‘projections’ to the prefrontal cortex of the primate. Cereb Cortex 12(9):926–935CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Parent A (2012) The history of the basal ganglia: the contribution of Karl Friedrich Burdach. Neurosci Med 3:374–379CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anatomy and NeurobiologyBoston University School of MedicineBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Communication Sciences and DisordersEmerson CollegeBostonUSA
  3. 3.Behavioral Neuroscience ProgramBoston University School of MedicineBostonUSA

Personalised recommendations