Parent–Child Interactions as a Source of Parent Cognition in the Context of Child Maltreatment

  • Maria Manuela CalheirosEmail author
  • Leonor Rodrigues


This chapter describes how violence lies in the maltreatment of children, focusing on one key factor of this phenomenon: Caregivers’ cognition in parent–child interactions. After reviewing literature on different sources of variability in these cognitions as well as on the importance of caregiver cognition for the explanation of maltreatment, the chapter presents original research with a sample of abusive mothers. This study tests how much previous experiences with the child in focus and other children, as well as current perceptions of the child may influence abusive mothers’ values, beliefs, and situational attributions. With some exceptions results seem to indicate that previous experience is much less important than current perceptions of the child, and if there is any impact of previous experience it is there rather because it shapes current perception as well. In their own way, these results underline the value that a social-psychological approach has for the understanding of child maltreatment.


Social development psychology Parent–child interactions Maternal beliefs Child maltreatment 



Preparation of this chapter was supported by Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) Grant # PRAXIS XXI (BD/2611/94) awarded to Maria Manuela Calheiros. The authors would like to thank the careful text review provided by Sven Waldzus.


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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), CIS-IULLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Institute of Social Sciences (ICS-ULisboa)University of LisbonLisbonPortugal

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