Diversity, Distribution and Conservation of Freshwater Crabs and Shrimps in South America

  • Célio MagalhãesEmail author
  • Martha R. Campos
  • Pablo A. Collins
  • Fernando L. Mantelatto


South America has a huge diversity of freshwater decapods that occupy a variety of ecosystems including major rivers, lakes, wetlands, and mountain streams. Although large areas of the continent’s freshwater ecosystem are still pristine and well preserved, many decapod species are increasingly impacted by different anthropogenic threats. This chapter focuses on the warm-water freshwater decapods found in the tropical and subtropical regions of South America that include the freshwater crabs (2 families, 34 genera, 209 species) and the freshwater shrimps (5 families, 11 genera, 88 species). The most species rich country for freshwater crabs is Colombia (105 species), followed by Brazil (49 species), and Venezuela (46 species), while the most species rich-country for freshwater shrimps is Venezuela (36 species), followed by Brazil (35 species), and Colombia (30 species). IUCN Red List conservation assessments have been carried out recently on a global scale for both freshwater crabs and shrimps, but national level assessments have so far only been made for the 76 species of Brazilian decapods, which found no threatened species in that country, and only one shrimp, Atya scabra, to be Near Threatened. Comparisons of national and regional assessments with the IUCN global assessments in some South American countries are made, and recommendations for freshwater decapod research in the region are offered.


Brachyura Caridea Dendrobranchiata Decapoda Conservation assessment Diversity Endemism IUCN Neotropical region Threatened species 



The authors thank the editors (Kawai Tadashi and Neil Cumberlidge) and Ingo Wehrtmann for the invitation to collaborate on this book, Neil Cumberlidge for allowing the use of Figs. 10.1 and 10.2, and Sammy De Grave for revising the English and for comments that improved the text. Two of us (CM and FLM) are grateful to the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq Procs. 491490/2004-6; 490353/2007-0; 473050/2007-2; 302748/2010-5; 490314/2011-2; 471011/2011-8), Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP Proc. 2010/50188-8) and Coordenadoria de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES/DAAD Proc. 315/09; Ciências do Mar II Proc. 2005/2014—23038.004308/2014-14), which all provided financial support that ultimately led to the preparation of this chapter. CM and FLM also thank CNPq for an ongoing research grant (Procs. PQ 304736/2015-5 and 304968/2014-5, respectively).


  1. Alarcon, D. T., Leme, M. H. A., & Cobo, V. J. (2002). Population structure of the freshwater crab Trichodactylus fluviatilis Latreille, 1828 (Decapoda, Trichodactylidae) in Ubatuba, northern coast of São Paulo State, Brazil. In E. Escobar-Briones & F. Alvarez (Eds.), Modern approaches to the study of crustacea (pp. 179–182). New York: Kluwer Academic, Plenum Plublishers.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Almerão, M. P., Rudolph, E., Souty-Grosset, C., Crandall, K., Buckup, L., Amouret, J., et al. (2015). The native South American crayfishes (Crustacea, Parastacidae): state of knowledge and conservation status. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 25, 288–301. doi: 10.1002/aqc.2488.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Arias-Pineda, J. Y., Gómez, D. A., & Magalhães, C. (2015). Range extension of the genus Fredilocarcinus Pretzmann, 1978 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Trichodactylidae) to Colombia. Check List, 11(2), 1–2. doi: 10.15560/11.2.1586. Article 1586.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bueno, S. L. (2015). Global diversity and conservation of aeglid freshwater crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura). Chap: This volume. 2.Google Scholar
  5. Campos, M. R. (2005). Freshwater crabs from Colombia. A taxonomic and distributional study. Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas Físicas y Naturales. Col. Jorge Álvarez Lleras, 24, 1–363.Google Scholar
  6. Campos, M. R. (2007). Cangrejos de agua dulce. In G. Amat-García, M. G. Andrade-C, & E. Amat-García (Eds.), Libro Rojo de Invertebrados Terrestres de Colombia (pp. 198–211). Instituto de Ciencias Naturales: Conservación Internacional Colombia.Google Scholar
  7. Campos, M. R. (2014). Crustáceos decápodos de agua dulce de Colombia. Biblioteca José Jerónimo Triana, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, 27, 1–692.Google Scholar
  8. Campos, M. R., & Magalhães, C. (2014). Colombiathelphusa, a new genus of freshwater crab from Colombia, a new species, and the first location record of Eidocamptophallus chacei (Pretzmann, 1967) (Crustacea: Decapoda: Pseudothelphusidae). Zootaxa, 3860, 571–579. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3860.6.5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Carvalho, F. L., Magalhães, C., & Mantelatto, F. L. (2014). A molecular and morphological differentiation between two Late Miocene divergent lineages of Amazonian shrimps with the description of a new species (Decapoda, Palaemonidae, Palaemon). ZooKeys, 475, 79–108. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.457.6771.Google Scholar
  10. Chace, F. A., Jr., & Hobbs, H. H., Jr. (1969). The freshwater and terrestrial decapod crustaceans of the West Indies with special reference to Dominica. Bulletin - United States National Museum, 292, 1–258.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Collins, P. (2005). A coexistence mechanism for two freshwater prawns in the Paraná river floodplain. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 25, 219–225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Collins, P. (2010). Environmental stress upon hepatopancreatic cells of freshwater prawns (Decapoda: Caridea) from the floodplain of Paraná River. Natural Science, 2, 748–759.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Collins, P., & Cappello, S. (2006). Cypermethrin toxicity to aquatic life: Bioassays for the freshwater prawn Palaemonetes argentinus. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 51, 79–85.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Collins, P., Williner, V., & Giri, F. (2002). A new distribution record for Zilchiopsis oronensis (Miers, 1877) in Argentina. Crustaceana, 75, 931–934.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Collins, P., Giri, F., & Williner, V. (2006). Population dynamics of Trichodactylus borellianus (Crustacea Decapoda Brachyura) and interactions with the aquatic vegetation of the Paraná River (South America, Argentina). In Annales de Limnologie-International Journal of Limnology, 42, 19–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Collins, P., Williner, V., & Giri, F. (2007). Littoral communities. Macrocrustaceans. In M. H. Iriondo, J. C. Paggi, & M. J. Parma (Eds.), The middle Paraná River: limnology of a subtropical wetland (pp. 277–301). Heidelberg: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Collins, P., Giri, F., & Williner, V. (2009). New distributional records for three freshwater crab species (Crustacea: Decapoda: Trichodactylidae) in Southern South America. Zootaxa, 1977, 49–54.Google Scholar
  18. Collins, P., Giri, F., & Williner, V. (2011a). Biogeography of the freshwater decapods at La Plata basin, South America. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 31, 179–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Collins, P., Williner, V., & Montagna, M. (2011b). Contamination? Natural and anthropic stressors on freshwater decapod crustaceans. In H. R. Velasquez (Ed.), Pollution control: management, technology and regulations (pp. 43–82). New York: Nova Science Publishers.Google Scholar
  20. Costa Neto, E. M. (2007). O caranguejo-de-água-doce, Trichodactylus fluviatilis (Latreille, 1828) (Crustacea, Decapoda, Trichodactylidae), na concepção dos moradores do povoado de Pedra Branca, Bahia, Brasil. Biotemas, 20, 59–68.Google Scholar
  21. Cox, C. B. (2001). The biogeographic regions reconsidered. Journal of Biogeography, 28, 511–523.Google Scholar
  22. Cumberlidge, N., Ng, P. K. L., Yeo, D. C. J., Magalhães, C., Campos, M. R., Álvarez, F., et al. (2009). Freshwater crabs and the biodiversity crisis: Importance, threats, status, and conservation challenges. Biological Conservation, 142, 1665–1673. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2009.02.038.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Cumberlidge, N., Álvarez, F., & Villalobos, J. L. (2014). Results of the global conservation assessment of the freshwater crabs (Brachyura, Pseudothelphusidae and Trichodactylidae): The Neotropical region, with an update on diversity. ZooKeys, 457, 133–157. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.457.6598.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. D’Incao, F., & Martins, S. T. S. (2000). Brazilian species of the genera Acetes H. Milne-Edwards, 1830 and Pleisos Burkenroad, 1945 (Decapoda: Sergestidae). Journal of Crustacean Biology, 20, 78–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Davanso, T. M., Taddei, F. G., Simões, S. M., Fransozo, A., & Costa, R. C. (2013). Population dynamics of the freshwater crab Dilocarcinus pagei in tropical waters in southeastern Brazil. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 33, 235–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. De Grave, S. (2007). A new species of Euryrhynchus Miers, with a discussion of the systematic position of the Euryrhynchidae Holthuis (Crustacea, Decapoda). A Journal of Comparative Zoology, 246, 193–203.Google Scholar
  27. De Grave, S. (2013). Xiphocaris elongata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, e.T197701A2496628.  10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T197701A2496628.en. Accessed July 11, 2015.
  28. De Grave, S., & Ashelby, C. W. (2013). A re-appraisal of the systematic status of selected genera in Palaemoninae (Crustacea: Decapoda: Palaemonidae). Zootaxa, 3734, 331–344.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. De Grave, S., & Fransen, C. H. J. M. (2011). Carideorum catalogus: The recent species of the dendrobranchiate, stenopodidean, procarididean and caridean shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda). Zoologische Mededelingen, 89, 195–589.Google Scholar
  30. De Grave, S., Smith, K. G., Adeler, N. A., Allen, D. J., Alvarez, F., Anker, A., et al. (2015). Dead Shrimp Blues: A global assessment of extinction risk in freshwater shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea). PLoS ONE, 10, e0120198. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0120198.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  31. Díaz, H., & Rodríguez, G. (1977). The branchial chamber in terrestrial crabs: A comparative study. The Biological Bulletin, 153, 485–504.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Ezcurra de Drago, I., Marchese, M., & Montalto, L. (2007). Benthic Invertebrates. In M. H. Iriondo, J. C. Paggi, & M. J. Parma (Eds.), The middle Paraná River: Limnology of a subtropical wetland (pp. 251–275). Heidelberg: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. García-Dávila, C. R. (2004). Magalhães C (2003) Revisão taxonômica dos camarões de água doce (Crustacea: Decapoda: Palaemonidae, Sergestidae) da Amazônia peruana. Acta Amazonica, 33, 663–686.Google Scholar
  34. Holthuis, L. B. (1951). A general revision of the Palaemonidae (Crustacea, Decapoda, Natantia) of the Americas I. The subfamilies Euryrhynchynae and Pontoniinae. Occasional Paper, 11, 1–332.Google Scholar
  35. Holthuis, L. B. (1952). General revision of the Palaemonidae (Crustacea: Decapoda: Natantia) of the Americas II. The subfamily Palaemoninae. Occasional Paper, 12, 1–396.Google Scholar
  36. ICMBio. (2011). Lista das espécies avaliadas. Publ. Internet. Accessed 25 May 2015
  37. IUCN. (2003). Guidelines for application of the IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional Levels was published in 2003 (version 3.0). IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1 (IUCN 2001, 2012). Publ. Internet. Accessed 25 May 2015
  38. IUCN. (2015). The IUCN Red List of threatened species. Version 2014.3. Publ. Internet. Accessed 25 May 2015
  39. Kensley, B., & Walker, I. (1982). Palaemonid shrimps from the Amazon basin, Brazil (Crustacea, Decapoda, Natantia). Smithsonian Institution Press, 362, 1–28.Google Scholar
  40. Magalhães, C. (1999). Família Trichodactylidae (caranguejos braquiúros de água doce). In L. Buckup & G. Bond-Buckup (Eds.), Os Crustáceos do Rio Grande do Sul (pp. 486–490). Porto Alegre: Editora da Universidade/UFRGS.Google Scholar
  41. Magalhães, C. (2003). Brachyura: Pseudothelphusidae e Trichodactylidae. In G. A. S. Melo (Ed.), Manual de identificação dos crustáceos decápodos de água doce brasileiros (pp. 143–297). Edições Loyola: São Paulo.Google Scholar
  42. Magalhães, C. (2005). Macrocrustacean survey of selected localities in the Río Pastaza basin in Ecuador and Perú: diversity, habitat, zoogeographical aspects, and conservation implications. In: P. W. Willink, B. Chernoff, & J. McCullough (Eds.), A rapid biological assessment of the aquatic ecosystems of the Pastaza River Basin, Ecuador and Perú. Conservation International. Washington, DC, (pp. 67–74). RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 33.Google Scholar
  43. Magalhães, C., & Türkay, M. (1996). Taxonomy of the Neotropical freshwater crab family Trichodactylidae I. The generic system with description of some new genera (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura). Senckenbergiana Biologica, 75, 63–95.Google Scholar
  44. Magalhães, C., Abrunhosa, F. A., Pereira, M. O., & Melo, M. A. (2005a). New records of Fredius denticulatus (H. Milne-Edwards, 1853) and F. reflexifrons (Ortmann, 1897), and the eastern limits of the distribution of pseudothelphusid crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda) in Brazil. Acta Amazonica, 35, 93–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Magalhães, C., Bueno, S. L. S., Bond-Buckup, G., Valenti, W. C., Silva, H. L. M., Kiyohara, F., et al. (2005b). Exotic species of freshwater decapod crustaceans in the state of São Paulo, Brazil: Records and possible causes of their introduction. Biodiversity and Conservation, 14, 1929–1945.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Magalhães, C., Barbosa, U. C., & Py-Daniel, V. (2006). Decapod crustaceans used as food by the Yanomami Indians of the Balawa-ú village, State of Amazonas, Brazil. Acta Amazonica, 36, 369–374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Magalhães, C., Sanches, V. Q. A., Pileggi, L. G., & Mantelatto, F. L. (2014). Morphological and molecular description of a new species of Fredius (Decapoda: Pseudothelphusidae) from Rondônia, southern Amazonia, Brazil. In D. C. J. Yeo, N. Cumberlidge, & S. Klaus (Eds.), Advances in freshwater decapod systematics and biology (pp. 101–114)., Crustaceana Monographs 19 The Netherlands: Brill Publishers.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Magris, R. A., Bond-Buckup, G., Magalhães, C., Mantelatto, F. L., Reid, J. W., El-moor Loureiro, L. M. A., et al. (2010). Quantification of extinction risk for crustacean species: An overview of the National Red Listing process in Brazil. Nauplius, 18, 129–135.Google Scholar
  49. Mantelatto, F. L., Pileggi, L. G., Suárez, H., & Magalhães, C. (2008). First record and extension of the known distribution of the inland prawn, Macrobrachium aracamuni Rodríguez, 1982 (Decapoda, Palaemonidae) in Brazil. Crustaceana, 81, 241–246. doi: 10.1163/156854008783476206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Melo, G. A. S. (2003). Famílias Atyidae, Palaemonidae e Sergestidae. In G. A. S. Melo (Ed.), Manual de identificação dos Crustacea Decapoda de água doce do Brasil (pp. 289–415). São Paulo: Edições Loyola.Google Scholar
  51. Montagna, M. (2006). Collins PA (2005) Toxicity of glyphosate herbicide formulation upon the freshwater prawn Palaemonetes argentinus (Crustacea, Decapoda, Palaemonidae). Nauplius, 13, 149–157.Google Scholar
  52. Montagna, M., & Collins, P. A. (2007). Survival and growth of Palaemonetes argentinus (Decapoda; Caridea) exposed to insecticides with chlorpyrifos and endosulfan as active element. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 53, 371–378. doi: 10.1007/s00244-006-0209-x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. Montagna, M., & Collins, P. A. (2008). Oxygen consumption and ammonia excretion of the freshwater crab Trichodactylus borellianus exposed to chlorpyrifos and endosulfan insecticides. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 92, 150–155. doi: 10.1016/j.pestbp.2008.07.009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Moraes, A. S., & Espinoza, L. W. (2001). Captura e comercialização de iscas vivas em Corumbá, MS. Embrapa Pantanal, Boletim de Pesquisa 21, CorumbáGoogle Scholar
  55. Negro, L., Senkman, E., Montagna, M., & Collins, P. (2011). Freshwater decapods and pesticides: an unavoidable relation in the modern world. In: S. Margarita (Ed.), Pesticides in the modern world. Book 3. Intech Open Access Publishers, (pp. 197–226). doi: 10.5772/16735 Google Scholar
  56. Negro, C. L., Senkman, L. E., & Collins, P. A. (2012a). Metabolic responses of pleustonic and burrowing freshwater crabs exposed to endosulfan. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 21, 216–222.Google Scholar
  57. Negro, C. L., Senkman, L., Vierling, J., Repetti, M. R., Garcia, S. R., & Collins, P. (2012b). Bioaccumulation in freshwater crabs. Endosulfan accumulation in different tissues of Zilchiopsis collastinensis (Decapoda: Trichodactylidae). Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 89, 1000–1003.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. Negro, C. L., Senkman, L. E., Marino, F., Lorenzatti, E., & Collins, P. A. (2014). Effects of chlorpyrifos and endosulfan on different life stages of the freshwater burrowing brab Zilchiopsis collastinensis: Protective role of Chorion. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 92, 625–630.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. Negro, C. L., Senkman, L. E., Marino, M. F., Lorenzatti, E., & Collins, P. (2015). Pesticide effects over crabs. How environmental concentrations of endosulfan and chlorpyrifos affect embryos. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, 50, 261–265.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. Omori, M. (1975). The systemactics, biogeography, and fishery of epipelagic shrimps of the genus Acetes (Crustacea, Decapoda, Sergestidae). Bulletin Ocean Research Institute, 7, 54–59.Google Scholar
  61. Pedraza, M., & Tavares, M. (2014). A new species of freshwater crab of the genus Microthelphusa Pretzmann, 1968 (Crustacea: Brachyura: Pseudothelphusidae) from the Amazon region of Guyana. Zootaxa, 3847, 267–274. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3847.2.6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. Pedraza, M., Martinelli Filho, J. E., & Magalhães, C. (2015). A new species of the genus Kingsleya from rio Xingu, and range extension for Kingsleya junki (Crustacea: Decapoda: Pseudothelphusidae), freshwater crabs from southern Amazon Basin, Brazil. Zoologia, 32, 41–46. doi: 10.1590/S1984-46702015000100006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Pileggi, L. G., & Mantelatto, F. L. (2010). Molecular phylogeny of the freshwater prawn genus Macrobrachium (Decapoda, Palaemonidae), with emphasis on the relationships among selected American species. Invertebrate Systematics, 24, 194–208. doi: 10.1071/IS09043.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Pileggi, L. G., & Mantelatto, F. L. (2012). Taxonomic revision of some doubtful Brazilian freshwater shrimp species of genus Macrobrachium (Decapoda, Palaemonidae). Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 102, 426–437. doi: 10.1590/S0073-47212012005000012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Pileggi, L. G., Rossi, N., Wehrtmann, I. S., & Mantelatto, F. L. (2014). Molecular perspective on the American transisthmian sister of Macrobrachium (Caridea, Palaemonidae). ZooKeys, 457, 109–131. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.457.6818.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Rodríguez, G. (1981). Decapoda. In S. H. Hurlbert, G. Rodríguez, & N. D. Santos (Eds.), Aquatic biota of tropical South America, Part 1: Arthropoda (pp. 41–51). San Diego: San Diego State University.Google Scholar
  67. Rodríguez, G. (1982). Les crabes d’eau douce d’Amerique. Famille des Pseudothelphusidae (224 pp). Paris: Editions ORSTOM. (Collection Faune Tropicale 22).Google Scholar
  68. Rodríguez, G. (1992). The freshwater crabs of America. Family Trichodactylidae and supplement to the family Pseudothelphusidae (189 pp). Paris: Editions ORSTOM, (Collection Faune Tropicale 31).Google Scholar
  69. Rodríguez, G., & Suárez, H. (2004). A revision of the freshwater crabs of the family Pseudothelphusidae (Decapoda: Brachyura) from Peru with notes on the southern limits of the family. Amazoniana, 18, 11–28.Google Scholar
  70. Rosa, F. R., Lopes, I. R., Sanches, V. Q. A., & Rezende, E. K. (2009). Distribuição de caranguejos Trichodactylidae (Crustacea, Brachyura) em alagados do Pantanal Mato-Grossense (Brasil) e sua correlação com a proximidade do rio Cuiabá e cobertura vegetal. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia (São Paulo), 49, 311–317.Google Scholar
  71. Souza de Carvalho, E. A. (2013). Variabilidade genética e morfológica em populações de Trichodactylus fluviatilis Latreille, 1828 (Brachyura, Trichodactylidae) no Brasil. MasterThesis: University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto (Unpublished).Google Scholar
  72. Suárez, H. (2015). Six new species of freshwater crabs from Pantepui, Venezuela (Crustacea: Decapoda: Pseudothelphusidae). Anartia 25:64–94. [2013]. Scholar
  73. Tiefenbacher, L. (1978). Zur Systematik und Verbreitung der Euryrhynchinae (Decapoda, Natantia, Palaemonidae). Crustaceana, 35, 177–189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Torati, L. S., & Mantelatto, F. L. (2012). Ontogenetic and evolutionary change of external morphology of the neotropical shrimp Potimirim (Holthuis, 1954) explained by a molecular phylogeny of the genus. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 32, 625–640. doi: 10.1163/193724012X635322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Torres, M. V., Collins, P. A., & Giri, F. (2014). Morphological variation of freshwater crabs Zilchiopsis collastinensis and Trichodactylus borellianus (Decapoda, Trichodactylidae) among localities from the middle Paraná River basin during different hydrological periods. ZooKeys, 457, 171–186. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.457.672.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Valencia, D. M., & Campos, M. R. (2007). Freshwater prawns of the genus Macrobrachium Bate, 1868 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Palaemonidae) of Colombia. Zootaxa, 1456, 1–44.Google Scholar
  77. Valencia, D. M., & Campos, M. R. (2010). Freshwater shrimps of the Colombian tributaries of the Amazon and Orinoco Rivers (Palaemonidae, Euryrhynchidae, Sergestidae). Caldasia, 32, 221–234.Google Scholar
  78. Wehrtmann, I. S., Magalhães, C., Hernáez, P., & Mantelatto, F. L. (2010). Offspring production in three freshwater crab species (Brachyura: Pseudothelphusidae) from Amazon region and Central America. Zoologia, 27, 965–972. doi: 10.1590/S1984-46702010000600019.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Williner, V., & Collins, P. A. (2002). Daily rhythm of feeding activity of a freshwater crab Dilocarcinus pagei pagei in National Park Río Pilcomayo, Formosa, Argentina. In E. Escobar-Briones & F. Alvarez (Eds.), Modern approaches to the study of Crustacea (pp. 171–178). New York: Kluwer Academic and Plenum Publishers.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Williner, V., & Collins, P. A. (2003). Effects of cypermethrin upon the freshwater crab Trichodactylus borellianus (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura). Bulletin of Environment Contamination and Toxicology, 71, 106–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Williner, V., & Collins, P. A. (2011). Feeding ecology of freshwater crabs Trichodactylus borellianus in the floodplain of the Parana River, southern South America. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 41, 781–792.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Williner, V., Giri, F., & Collins, P. (2011). Metapopulations of decapods in the floodplain of Parana River, South America. Floodplains: physical geography, ecology and societal interactions (pp. 179–199). New York: Nova Science Publishers.Google Scholar
  83. Williner, V., Azevedo Carvalho, D., & Collins, P. A. (2014). Feeding spectra and activity of the freshwater crab Trichodactylus kensleyi (Decapoda: Brachyura: Trichodactylidae) at La Plata basin. Zoological Studies, 53, 71–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Yeo, D. C. J., Ng, P. K. L., Cumberlidge, N., Magalhães, C., Daniels, S. R., & Campos, M. R. (2008). Global diversity of crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia, 595, 275–286. doi: 10.1007/s10750-007-9023-3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Célio Magalhães
    • 1
    Email author
  • Martha R. Campos
    • 2
  • Pablo A. Collins
    • 3
  • Fernando L. Mantelatto
    • 4
  1. 1.Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da AmazôniaManausBrazil
  2. 2.Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Facultad de CienciasUniversidad Nacional de ColombiaBogotá D.CColombia
  3. 3.Instituto Nacional de Limnología, CONICET-UNLCiudad UniversitariaSanta FeArgentina
  4. 4.Laboratory of Bioecology and Systematic of Crustaceans (LBSC), Department of Biology, Faculty of Philosophy, Science and Letters at Ribeirão Preto (FFCLRP)University of São Paulo (USP)Ribeirão PretoBrazil

Personalised recommendations