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The Peruvian-Chilean Coastal Upwelling System

Abstract

This chapter describes the Peruvian-Chilean coastal upwelling system which is by far the most productive system in terms of pelagic fish among the Big Four coastal upwelling systems—a feature that is known as the Peruvian Puzzle. Also discussed are fluctuations of fish and bird abundance in the context of the El Niño Southern Oscillation, overfishing and influences of nutrient limitation and interactions with the oxygen minimum zone.

Keywords

  • Upwelling
  • Oceanography
  • Humboldt current
  • Peruvian puzzle
  • El Niño southern oscillation
  • Marine biogeochemistry
  • Marine ecology
  • Ecological regime shifts
  • Fisheries
  • Fish stock variations
  • Climate-change impacts

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Kämpf, J., Chapman, P. (2016). The Peruvian-Chilean Coastal Upwelling System. In: Upwelling Systems of the World. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-42524-5_5

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